Robert Johns | 03 Apr, 2024
Fact checked by Jim Markus

How To Build A Quiz App With JavaScript for Beginners

Want to know how to build a JavaScript quiz app? In this tutorial, I’ll walk you through this fun and practical JavaScript project step-by-step. 

Whether you’re just starting your web development journey or are keen to learn JavaScript, a JavaScript quiz app is a fun project for beginners to learn real-world JavaScript skills.

In this JavaScript tutorial, you’ll:

  • Craft a sleek and user-friendly interface for a JavaScript quiz app.
  • Use JavaScript to present questions, select answers, and navigate through the quiz.
  • Dynamically update the quiz content and feedback in real time based on user actions.
  • Enhance the UX with optional features like timers for each question and animations for smooth transitions between questions.

To make the most of this tutorial, it helps to have basic web development skills, including familiarity with HTML and CSS. 

Some previous experience with JavaScript, such as manipulating HTML DOM elements and handling events, can also be helpful. However, you don't need to be a JavaScript pro or have prior experience with JavaScript quiz apps.

I’ve also provided the full source code for this JavaScript project so you can follow along, experiment, and even build upon it for your own projects. 

Plus, you can follow along with me using our online JavaScript compiler, so you don't need an IDE to code this JavaScript project from scratch.

Let’s dive in and start building!

How To Build A JavaScript Quiz App

Are you keen to dive into JavaScript web development with a fun JavaScript project

Awesome, because today we're going to build a JavaScript quiz app using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. 

This project is perfect for JavaScript beginners or newcomers to web development, as it’s a creative way to learn how these three pillars of modern web development come together to create interactive web applications.

At the core of our project, JavaScript will play a pivotal role. It's the engine under the hood that manages the quiz logic, user inputs, and dynamic updates to the content, bringing our quiz to life with each question.

I always like to think that JavaScript acts as the brain, adding functionality and interactivity to the structural foundation provided by HTML and the stylistic enhancements of CSS.

But functionality isn't where we stop. We'll also make sure our quiz app looks great with CSS skills that add a layer of style and design finesse to our quiz interface.

Take a look at the image I’ve included below to see what you’re going to be building!

Create your own interactive JavaScript quiz

Wondering about the difficulty? Don’t worry! 

I’ve designed this JavaScript project to be beginner-friendly, with straightforward and easy-to-follow steps.

Whether you're just starting in web development or have some HTML and CSS experience but are new to JavaScript, this project will bolster your skills and confidence.

So, let's gear up, switch on our favorite web development IDE, and get ready to create our very own JavaScript quiz app. 

By the end of this tutorial, you'll have not only a functional quiz application to add to your portfolio but also a deeper understanding of how JavaScript, HTML, and CSS collaborate to create dynamic and interactive web applications. 

Let's get started and create something fun, practical, and impressive!

Project Prerequisites

Before we dive deep into creating our quiz App with JavaScript, let's review the JavaScript knowledge and skills you'll need to follow along. 

And remember, you don't need to be a JavaScript expert to start this project, but having a grasp of the basics will make the process smoother and more enjoyable.

Plus, if you're rusty in any of these areas, you can always brush up with a JavaScript course

Remember, we’re also here to help, so don’t hesitate to search hackr.io for help as you go along.

A Touch of HTML 

HTML is the backbone of any website, similar to a building's framework. You should be comfortable with fundamental HTML elements like <div>, <form>, <input>, and the general structure of an HTML document. 

If you've ever created a simple webpage or played around with HTML at school or on a web development course, you're good to go!

Basic CSS Skills 

CSS is our tool for styling and enhancing the visual appeal of our web pages. It's like the interior design of our HTML structure. 

For this quiz app, you should be familiar with basic CSS styling techniques – think colors, fonts, and layout properties like margins and padding. 

If you've enjoyed experimenting with colors or arranging content on a page, you have the CSS skills needed for this project.

JavaScript Fundamentals 

JavaScript brings our quiz app to life, and while you don't need to be a JavaScript guru, you should understand fundamentals like variables, functions, arrays, and event handling. 

If terms like function, event listener, or conditional statement sound familiar, you're ready to go! A quick review of a JavaScript cheat sheet might also be helpful for a refresher.

A Curious and Experimental Mind 

This might be the most crucial prerequisite! 

I really believe that when it comes to coding in JavaScript, the most effective way to learn is through hands-on experience, making errors, and trying again. 

Be prepared to experiment, modify the code, and perhaps even cause a few glitches (which you'll then resolve). 

That's the essence of learning and development!

You could also consider using an AI coding assistant like GitHub Copilot to help out, but I’d recommend waiting until you’re 100% stuck, as this is where you really learn.

Step 1: Setting Up The Project

Alright! Let's get started by setting up our project. This step is all about laying the groundwork for our JavaScript quiz app. 

If you want to dive straight in, I'd recommend following along with me using our online JavaScript compiler. This is pre-populated with the HTML, CSS, and JavaScript files you need to build this JavaScript project without switching on an IDE.

Alternatively, I've outlined the steps for you to create the necessary files and organize your workspace on your own computer. Just follow these, and you'll have a solid foundation for your project.

i. Create a Project Folder

First things first, let's keep things tidy. Create a new folder on your computer where you'll store all the files for this project. You can name it something like quiz-app.

ii. Initialize Your Files

Inside your project folder, you're going to create three essential files:

  • index.html: This will be the main HTML file for your project.
  • style.css: This CSS file will hold all your styling rules to make your quiz look great.
  • script.js: Here's where the magic happens – your JavaScript code goes in this file.

You can create these files using a code editor like VSCode and Sublime Text, or even a text editor like Notepad. Just make sure to save them with the correct extensions.

iii. Link Your CSS and JavaScript Files

Once you've created these files, you need to link them together. Open your index.html file and add the following lines of code inside the <head> tag for the CSS:

<link rel="stylesheet" href="style.css">

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And right before the closing </body> tag, add this line for the JavaScript:

<script src="script.js"></script>

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These lines tell your HTML file where to find the JavaScript file and the CSS so you can incorporate them into your webpage.

iv. Open Your Project in a Browser

Now, let's see what we've got. Open your index.html file in a web browser. 

You won't see much yet – a blank page – but that's about to change. If the page opens without any errors, you're all set!

v. Ready Your Tools

As you work through the next steps, keep your code editor and web browser open side by side. This will allow you to make changes to your code and immediately see the results in the browser.

And there you have it! You've successfully set up your project, and you're ready to dive into the exciting part. 

Let's move on to Step 2, where we'll start crafting the HTML structure.

Step 2: Building The Quiz Structure With HTML

With our quiz project ready to go, it's time to dive into the HTML structure.

i. Start with Basic HTML Structure

Open your index.html file, and let's start by setting up the basic structure of an HTML document. For those needing a brief reminder, here's the general layout:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
  <meta charset="UTF-8">
  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
  <title>JavaScript Quiz App</title>
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="style.css">
</head>
<body>
  <!-- Quiz App will be added here -->
  <script src="script.js"></script>
</body>
</html>

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This structure forms the backbone for all HTML projects, including the DOCTYPE declaration, HTML tag, head section (with meta tags, title, and CSS link), and the body where our content lives.

ii. Adding the Quiz Components

Inside the <body> tag, let's construct the components for our Quiz App. Here's a straightforward way to organize it:

<div id="quiz-app">
  <h1>JavaScript Basics Quiz</h1>
  <div id="question-container">
      <div id="question">Questions will go here</div>
      <div id="answer-buttons" class="btn-grid">
          <!-- Answer buttons will be added here dynamically -->
      </div>
  </div>
  <div id="controls">
      <button id="start-btn">Start</button>
      <button id="next-btn">Next</button>
  </div>
  <div id="results">
      <!-- Results will be shown here -->
  </div>
</div>

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In this structure:

  • We have a main container <div> with the ID quiz-app and div class btn-grid.
  • Inside, there's a heading <h1> for our quiz.
  • The question-container <div> holds the question text and answer buttons. Initially, the answer buttons will be added dynamically based on the current question.
  • The controls <div> includes buttons to start the quiz and move to the next question.
  • The results <div> is reserved for displaying the user's score and feedback at the end of the quiz.

iii. Checking Your Work

After saving your changes, open or refresh your web page. At this stage, you won't see much in terms of styling, but the basic elements (heading, start button) should be visible. 

This ensures that there are no errors in your HTML so far.

iv. Understanding the HTML Structure

The <div>, <button>, and other elements are used here to create a structured and interactive interface for the Quiz App. 

Each element plays a specific role in the app's functionality and user experience.

v. Tips on HTML Best Practices

While focusing on functionality, it's important to maintain clean, well-structured HTML. This is crucial for the maintainability and scalability of your project. 

Commenting your HTML code is also a good practice, especially for larger projects or when working in teams.

And there you have it! You've successfully established the basic HTML structure for your Quiz App. 

Let's keep up the momentum and enhance our quiz App with CSS!

Step 3: Styling the Quiz With CSS

With our quiz app’s HTML structure ready, it's time to turn our attention to CSS to enhance the visual appeal and usability of our app.

Let's infuse some creativity into our quiz app!

i. Begin with Basic Styles

Open your style.css file. We'll start by establishing some foundational styles to ensure our quiz app looks attractive across all devices:

body {
  font-family: 'Arial', sans-serif;
  display: flex;
  flex-direction: column;
  justify-content: center;
  align-items: center;
  height: 100vh;
  margin: 0;
  background: linear-gradient(to right, #6DD5FA, #2979FF);
  color: #333;
}

#quiz-app {
  width: 90%;
  max-width: 600px;
  margin: 0 auto;
  padding: 20px;
  background-color: #fff;
  border-radius: 10px;
  box-shadow: 0 4px 8px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.1);
}

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In this section, we're:

  • Setting a universal font for a neat and consistent appearance.
  • Utilizing Flexbox to vertically and horizontally center the quiz app.
  • Applying full viewport height for the body to achieve a full-screen look.
  • Adding a vibrant gradient background for a modern and dynamic feel.
  • Styling our main app container with padding, border-radius, and a box-shadow for a refined look.

ii. Style the Questions and Answers

Next, let's style the question area and answer buttons:

#question-container {
  margin-bottom: 20px;
}

#question {
  font-size: 24px;
  margin-bottom: 10px;
}

.btn-grid {
  display: grid;
  grid-template-columns: repeat(2, auto);
  gap: 10px;
}

.button {
  padding: 10px 15px;
  background-color: #007BFF;
  color: white;
  border: none;
  border-radius: 5px;
  cursor: pointer;
  transition: background-color 0.3s;
}

.button:hover {
  background-color: #0056b3;
}

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Here, we're:

  • Assigning a distinct style to the question for clarity.
  • Using a grid layout for the answer buttons to arrange them neatly.
  • Styling the buttons with padding, background color, and border-radius for an interactive feel.
  • Implementing a hover effect on the buttons to enhance user interaction.

iii. Style the Control Buttons

Now, let's style the control buttons (Start and Next):

#controls {
  justify-content: center;
  margin-top: 20px;
}

#controls.show {
  display: flex;
}

#start-btn, #next-btn {
  padding: 10px 20px;
  background-color: #28A745;
  color: white;
  border: none;
  border-radius: 5px;
  cursor: pointer;
}

#start-btn:hover, #next-btn:hover {
  background-color: #218838;
}

.hide {
  display: none;
}

.correct {
  background-color: #28a745; /* Green color for correct answers */
  color: white;
}

.wrong {
  background-color: #dc3545; /* Red color for incorrect answers */
  color: white;
}

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In this section, we're:

  • Giving the Start and Next buttons a distinct color and making them clickable.
  • Adding a hover effect for better user engagement.
  • Adding a hide class to selectively reveal the buttons
  • Adding right and wrong classes for visual feedback when answering questions

iv. Save and Refresh

After adding these styles, save your style.css file. Refresh your browser to see the updated appearance. Your quiz app should now possess a defined, interactive look.

v. Experiment with Styles

Feel free to customize the styles further. Experiment with colors, fonts, spacing, and more to match your personal taste or brand identity.

And that's it! You've successfully enhanced your JavaScript quiz app, making it not only functional but also visually appealing and engaging for users.

Great work on completing this step. Next, we'll move on to the exciting part of our web development project – adding adding functionality with JavaScript.

Step 4: JavaScript - Initializing the Quiz

Now that our quiz app has a polished look, it's time to infuse it with functionality using JavaScript.

i. Start with Basic JavaScript Setup

Open your script.js file. We'll kick things off by declaring variables to interact with our HTML elements and initializing some essential quiz variables:

document.addEventListener('DOMContentLoaded', () => {
  nextButton.classList.add('hide'); // Initially hide the 'Next' button
});

const startButton = document.getElementById('start-btn');
const nextButton = document.getElementById('next-btn');
const questionContainerElement = document.getElementById('question-container');
const questionElement = document.getElementById('question');
const answerButtonsElement = document.getElementById('answer-buttons');

let shuffledQuestions, currentQuestionIndex;

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In this setup, we're:

  • Adding an event listener to hide the "Next" button when the document is fully loaded.
  • Selecting essential DOM elements and storing them in variables for easy access throughout the script.
  • Initializing variables to manage the shuffled questions and track the current question index.

ii. Adding Questions Array

Before we add more event listeners, let's define our quiz questions and their respective answer choices. I think a JavaScript array is a nice way to do this:

const questions = [
  {
      question: 'What is a Variable in JavaScript?',
      answers: [
          { text: 'A section of the webpage', correct: false },
          { text: 'A container for storing data values', correct: true },
          { text: 'A type of JavaScript function', correct: false },
          { text: 'An operation in mathematics', correct: false }
      ]
  },
  // Add more questions in the same format
];

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iii. Adding Event Listener for Start Button

Now, let's handle the event when a user clicks the Start button to begin the quiz:

startButton.addEventListener('click', startGame);

function startGame() {
  startButton.classList.add('hide');
  shuffledQuestions = questions.sort(() => Math.random() - .5);
  currentQuestionIndex = 0;
  questionContainerElement.classList.remove('hide');
  setNextQuestion();
}

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In this function, we're:

  • Hiding the "Start" button to indicate the quiz has begun.
  • Shuffling the questions array to ensure a varied quiz experience each time.
  • Resetting the current question index to 0 to start from the beginning.
  • Removing the 'hide' class from the question container to display the first question.

iv. Displaying Questions and Answers

Let's write the function to display a question and its answers:

function showQuestion(question) {
  questionElement.innerText = question.question;
  question.answers.forEach(answer => {
      const button = document.createElement('button');
      button.innerText = answer.text;
      button.classList.add('btn');
      if (answer.correct) {
          button.dataset.correct = answer.correct;
      }
      button.addEventListener('click', () => selectAnswer(button));
      answerButtonsElement.appendChild(button);
  });
}

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In this function, we're:

  • Updating the text of the question element to display the current question.
  • Creating and displaying a button for each answer option.
  • Assigning a data attribute to buttons with correct answers for evaluation.
  • Adding an event listener to each button to handle answer selection.

v. Testing Your Code

After implementing these features, save your script.js file and refresh your browser. 

Try starting the quiz, and you should see the first randomly selected question with a range of answers.

Also, try selecting an answer, and you should notice an error in the console.

Don’t worry, this is because we haven’t implemented the selectAnswer, setStatusClass, or clearStatusClass functions.

In the next steps, we will add these features. Keep up the excellent work!

Step 5: JavaScript - Handling User Answers

Great, now we have the foundational setup of our quiz app in place, let’s refine user interactions for when they select an answer. 

We’ll also disable multiple selections for a single question while also providing instant feedback.

i. Refining Answer Selection

When a user selects an answer, we want to ensure that their choice is final and that they receive clear feedback on their selection. The selectAnswer function will handle this process:

function selectAnswer(selectedButton) {
  Array.from(answerButtonsElement.children).forEach(button => {
      button.disabled = true;
      setStatusClass(button, button.dataset.correct);
  });

  const correct = selectedButton.dataset.correct;
  setStatusClass(selectedButton, correct);

  // Delay revealing the "Next" button to allow users to review their choice
  setTimeout(() => {
      if (shuffledQuestions.length > currentQuestionIndex + 1) {
          nextButton.classList.remove('hide');
      }
  }, 1000); // Adjust delay as needed
}

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In this function, we're:

  • Disabling all answer buttons after a selection is made to lock in the user's choice.
  • Applying visual styling to give instant feedback on whether the selected answer is correct or not.
  • Introducing a delay before showing the "Next" button, giving users time to review their choice and the feedback provided.

ii. Providing Immediate Feedback

The setStatusClass function plays a crucial role in offering immediate visual feedback by applying CSS classes that signal whether an answer is correct or incorrect:

function setStatusClass(element, correct) {
  clearStatusClass(element);
  if (correct) {
      element.classList.add('correct');
  } else {
      element.classList.add('wrong');
  }
}

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In this function, we're:

  • Ensuring each answer button starts with a clean slate by removing any previous feedback.
  • Using CSS classes to visually communicate the correctness of each answer to the user.

iii. Resetting Feedback for Next Question

Before moving on to the next question, it's important to reset the visual feedback on all answer buttons. 

The clearStatusClass function ensures that no residual feedback affects the presentation of future questions:

function clearStatusClass(element) {
  element.classList.remove('correct');
  element.classList.remove('wrong');
}

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In this function, we're:

  • Clearing any 'correct' or 'wrong' classes from elements, preparing them for reuse in subsequent questions.

iii. Testing Quiz Functionality

With this code in place, we can now test the quiz app’s functionality:

  • Select an answer for a question and observe the immediate feedback and the temporary disabling of all answer options.
  • Note the delay before the "Next" button becomes visible, allowing time to review the feedback.

In the next section, we’ll handle question navigation where we’ll be able to see the visual feedback is cleared when proceeding to the next question. Keep up the fantastic work!

Step 6: JavaScript - Navigating Questions

We'll now focus on enhancing our quiz app by implementing functionalities for navigating through the questions. 

This involves ensuring the user can smoothly move from one question to the next and that the quiz properly concludes when all questions have been answered.

i. Implementing the "Next" Button Functionality

The "Next" button is crucial for quiz progression. It should allow users to move to the next question after selecting an answer and reviewing their feedback. We need to ensure the "Next" button correctly loads the next question when clicked.

nextButton.addEventListener('click', () => {
  currentQuestionIndex++;
  setNextQuestion();
});

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Here, we're:

  • Listening for a click event on the "Next" button.
  • Incrementing the currentQuestionIndex to advance the quiz to the next question.
  • Calling the setNextQuestion function to update the quiz interface with the new question and reset any previous states.

ii. Preparing for the Next Question

The setNextQuestion function is essential for preparing the quiz interface for each new question. 

It ensures that previous answers and feedback are cleared and that the "Next" button is hidden until the user selects an answer for the new question:

function setNextQuestion() {
  resetState();
  showQuestion(shuffledQuestions[currentQuestionIndex]);
}

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In this function, we're:

  • Calling resetState to clear the quiz interface, ensuring a fresh start for each question.
  • Using showQuestion to populate the quiz with the next question and its corresponding answer options.

iii. Resetting the Quiz State

The resetState function ensures that the quiz interface is clean and ready for the next question, removing any remnants of previous questions and answers:

function resetState() {
  clearStatusClass(document.body);
  nextButton.classList.add('hide');
  while (answerButtonsElement.firstChild) {
      answerButtonsElement.removeChild(answerButtonsElement.firstChild);
  }
}

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In this function, we're:

  • Clearing any visual feedback from the previous question.
  • Hiding the "Next" button to prevent skipping questions without answering.
  • Removing all previous answer buttons to make way for the new set of answers.

iv. Testing Quiz Navigation

With the navigation functionality in place, it's important to thoroughly test the quiz flow:

  • Answer a question and use the "Next" button to proceed to the subsequent question, ensuring the transition is smooth and the interface resets correctly.
  • Complete all questions and verify that the quiz concludes by not showing the “Next” button

You've now successfully implemented navigation functionality in your JavaScript quiz app, ensuring users can seamlessly progress through questions. 

In the next steps, we’ll add even more functionality by showing the user’s score and offering the option to restart the test. 

Step 7: Displaying Results

Our quiz web app is shaping up nicely, but how about we switch focus to displaying the results and total score to the user? 

This will involve calculating the user's score based on correct answers, presenting a completion message, and offering options for what to do next, such as restarting the quiz.

i. Calculating the Score

To display the number of correct answers, we need to keep track of the score throughout the quiz. 

We can do this by incrementing a score variable each time the user selects a correct answer:

let score = 0; // Initialize score at the beginning of the script

function selectAnswer(selectedButton) {
  const correct = selectedButton.dataset.correct;
  if (correct) {
      score++; // Increment score for correct answers
  }
  // Rest of the selectAnswer function...
}

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In this addition, we're:

  • Initializing a score variable to keep track of the number of correct answers.
  • Incrementing the score each time a correct answer is selected.

ii. Displaying the Results

Once the quiz is completed, we should display the user's score and provide a completion message. 

This can be done by updating the content of an existing element or creating a new one dynamically.

So, let’s create a variable to interact with our main quiz app’s div container, and we’ll also create a new div to display the user results.

Note that we’ll initially hide this div when the quiz initializes:

const quizAppElement = document.getElementById('quiz-app');
const resultsElement = document.createElement('div');
resultsElement.setAttribute('id', 'results');
resultsElement.classList.add('results', 'hide'); // Initially hidden
quizAppElement.appendChild(resultsElement);

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We can then create a new function to display the user score information within the resultsElement div:

function concludeQuiz() {
  questionContainerElement.classList.add('hide');
  nextButton.classList.add('hide');

  resultsElement.classList.remove('hide');
  resultsElement.innerHTML = `
      <h2>Quiz Completed!</h2>
      <p>Your score: ${score} out of ${shuffledQuestions.length}</p>
      <button onclick="restartQuiz()">Restart Quiz</button>
  `;
  quizAppElement.appendChild(resultsElement);
}

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In this function, we're:

  • Hiding the question container and the "Next" button to indicate the quiz's end.
  • Revealing the new div we created to display a completion message and the user score.
  • Providing a "Restart Quiz" button to allow users to take the quiz again.

We also need to amend our selectAnswer function to call concludeQuiz after we’ve asked all of the available questions.

To do this, we can add an else clause to our conditional statement within the setTimeout arrow function:

setTimeout(() => {
  if (shuffledQuestions.length > currentQuestionIndex + 1) {
      nextButton.classList.remove('hide');
  } else {
      concludeQuiz();
  }
}, 1000); // Adjust delay as needed

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iii. Restarting the Quiz

When the user is shown the "Restart Quiz" button, it should allow them to reset the quiz to its initial state, allowing them to take the quiz again from the beginning:

function restartQuiz() {
  resultsElement.classList.add('hide');
  score = 0;
  currentQuestionIndex = 0;
  startGame();
}

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In this function, we're:

  • Hiding the resultsElement div to reset the quiz state for a new user.
  • Resetting the score and currentQuestionIndex to their initial values.
  • Calling startGame to reinitialize the quiz setup.

iv. Testing the Results Display

With the results display functionality in place, it's important to test the end-of-quiz flow:

  • Complete the quiz and verify that the results are displayed correctly, showing your score and a completion message.
  • Use the "Restart Quiz" button to ensure the quiz resets properly and can be taken again.

You've now successfully implemented a results display for your JavaScript Quiz App, providing users with feedback on their performance and a smooth transition to retake the quiz. 

Step 8: Enhancing User Experience [Optional]

Our quiz app is looking great, but if you feel like stretching yourself, let’s enhance it even further by adding timers to the questions and some animations for question transitions.

i. Implementing Timers for Each Question

Adding a timer can introduce a sense of urgency and make the quiz more challenging. Here's how you can implement a simple countdown timer for each question:

let timerId;
let timeRemaining = 30; // Example time limit for each question in seconds

function startTimer() {
  const timerElement = document.getElementById('timer'); // Ensure you have a timer element in your HTML
  timeRemaining = 30; // Reset the timer for each question
  timerElement.textContent = `Time Remaining: ${timeRemaining}s`;

  timerId = setInterval(() => {
      timeRemaining--;
      timerElement.textContent = `Time Remaining: ${timeRemaining}s`;
      if (timeRemaining <= 0) {
          clearInterval(timerId);
          // Handle time out and move to the next question or end the quiz)
      }
  }, 1000);
}

function stopTimer() {
  clearInterval(timerId); // Stop the timer
}

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You’ll then just need to add startTimer within the setNextQuestion function to start the timer when a new question is presented.

You’ll also need to add stopTimer in the selectAnswer and concludeQuiz functions to stop the timer when an answer is selected or the quiz concludes.

ii. Adding Animations for Transitions

Adding animations can make the transitions between questions smoother and more visually appealing by using CSS transitions or JavaScript to animate elements like the question container or answer buttons.

For example, to fade in questions and answers, you can add this CSS:

.fade-in {
  animation: fadeIn 0.5s ease-in-out;
}

@keyframes fadeIn {
  from { opacity: 0; }
  to { opacity: 1; }
}

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Then, apply the fade-in class to your question and answer elements in the showQuestion function:

function showQuestion(question) {
  questionElement.classList.add('fade-in');
  // Rest of the showQuestion function...
}

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Remember to remove the class at the start of setNextQuestion to reset the animation:

function setNextQuestion() {
  questionElement.classList.remove('fade-in');
  // Rest of the setNextQuestion function...
}

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iii. Enhancing Feedback Mechanisms

Consider enhancing the feedback provided for correct and incorrect answers. 

For example, you could include explanations for why an answer is correct or incorrect or use more elaborate visual cues like icons or color changes.

iv. Testing Enhanced Features

With these enhancements in place, thoroughly test each feature to ensure they integrate seamlessly with your existing quiz functionality:

  • Verify the timer starts for each question and handles time expiration appropriately.
  • Ensure animations are smooth and reset correctly between questions.
  • Check that any additional feedback mechanisms are informative and enhance the learning experience.

These optional enhancements can make your quiz app not only a tool for assessment but also an engaging and interactive learning experience. 

Of course, feel free to tailor these features to your quiz's audience and subject matter to provide the most value.

Step 9: Final Touches And Testing

Fantastic work on developing your JavaScript quiz app! 

Now it's time to apply the finishing touches and rigorously test the application to ensure its functionality is flawless and the user experience is intuitive and engaging.

i. Review and Clean Up Code:

  • Carefully examine your JavaScript, HTML, and CSS files. Seek opportunities to refine or streamline your code to enhance readability and efficiency.
  • Maintain a consistent coding style, including proper indentation, use of quotes, and adherence to naming conventions, to improve code maintainability.
  • Eliminate any debugging remnants like console logs, commented-out code snippets, or unnecessary comments.

ii. Cross-Browser Testing:

  • Conduct tests on various web browsers to verify consistent performance and visual integrity of your quiz app. 
  • Address any compatibility issues, such as discrepancies in event listener behavior or CSS property support.
  • Utilize tools like BrowserStack or Can I Use for comprehensive testing and compatibility checks.

iii. Responsive Design Testing:

  • Test your quiz app on different devices or use browser tools to simulate various screen sizes, ensuring the UI is responsive and functional across devices.
  • Pay extra attention to how touch interactions work on mobile devices, confirming that taps are accurately registering as button presses.

iv. User Experience Enhancements:

  • Enhance interaction feedback, possibly by integrating subtle animations or transition effects for button presses to create a more dynamic interface.
  • Ensure the quiz app is accessible, considering aspects like keyboard navigation and clear visual cues for interactions.

v. Performance Optimization:

  • If your quiz app includes any media or external resources, ensure they are optimized for swift loading without compromising on quality.
  • Review your resource usage and script executions to guarantee efficient loading and operation, contributing to an enhanced user experience.

vi. Gather Feedback:

  • If feasible, have others test your quiz app. Fresh perspectives might reveal overlooked issues or offer valuable insights into UX and design aspects.
  • Utilize this feedback to implement any necessary refinements to the app.

vii. Documentation and Sharing:

  • Consider drafting a README file if you plan to showcase your project on platforms like GitHub, detailing the project setup and any noteworthy features.
  • Share your project within developer communities or on social media to engage with a broader audience and gather additional feedback.

viii. Reflect and Plan Next Steps:

  • Reflect on the knowledge gained through this project and contemplate how these learnings can be applied to future endeavors.
  • Consider expanding your quiz app with more complex features, like sound effects, the ability to re-take questions that are answered incorrectly, or a record of user scores.

Great job on building and refining your quiz app! Take a moment to appreciate your hard work!

Whether you're building this for fun, as a learning experience, or as a portfolio piece, you've developed valuable skills in programming, problem-solving, and user interface design.

Plus, knowing how to create an online test is a solid skill to have in your web development toolkit.

Be proud of your work, share it with others, and consider what project you'll take on next!

Next Steps & Further Learning

Congratulations on successfully building your own interactive JavaScript quiz app!

This is a significant achievement, but your learning journey doesn't stop here. There are many ways to further your skills in web development. Let's explore some ideas:

Learn More About JavaScript and Web Technologies

  • JavaScript Enhancements: Explore more advanced JavaScript concepts and apply them to your app. Could advanced features like multiple-response questions or text answers be added?
  • Explore Frameworks: Experiment with JS frameworks like React, AngularJS, or Vue.js to see how they can be used to build more dynamic and complex web applications.
  • Web Animations: Learn about CSS animations and JavaScript to add engaging animations to your quiz app.

Join Online Communities and Collaborate

  • Engage in Forums: Participate in web development forums and communities. Share your quiz app, get feedback, and learn from others.
  • Contribute to Open Source: Consider making your quiz app open-source and collaborate with others to improve it.

Keep Up with Trends and Best Practices

Stay updated with the latest trends in web development and JavaScript. Subscribe to blogs like hackr.io, watch webinars, and join online courses.

Document and Share Your Learning Journey

  • Blog About Your Project: Write about your development process, challenges you faced, and how you overcame them. Share your blog with the developer community.
  • Share Your Code: Publish your code on platforms like GitHub. This not only showcases your work but also allows others to learn from your project.

Challenge Yourself Regularly

Take part in coding challenges or hackathons to sharpen your skills and learn new techniques.

And if you're hungry for more JavaScript projects, check out the rest of our step-by-step tutorials, including:

JavaScript Quiz App Full Source Code

HTML Source Code:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
  <meta charset="UTF-8">
  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
  <title>JavaScript Quiz App</title>
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="style.css">
</head>
<body>
  <div id="quiz-app">
      <h1>JavaScript Basics Quiz</h1>
      <div id="question-container">
          <div id="question">Questions will go here</div>
          <div id="answer-buttons" class="btn-grid">
              <!-- Answer buttons will be added here dynamically -->
          </div>
      </div>
      <div id="controls">
          <button id="start-btn">Start</button>
          <button id="next-btn">Next</button>
      </div>
      <div id="results">
          <!-- Results will be shown here -->
      </div>
  </div>
  <script src="script.js"></script>
</body>
</html>

Try It Yourself »

CSS Source Code:

body {
  font-family: 'Arial', sans-serif;
  display: flex;
  flex-direction: column;
  justify-content: center;
  align-items: center;
  height: 100vh;
  margin: 0;
  background: linear-gradient(to right, #6DD5FA, #2979FF);
  color: #333;
}

#quiz-app {
  width: 90%;
  max-width: 600px;
  margin: 0 auto;
  padding: 20px;
  background-color: #fff;
  border-radius: 10px;
  box-shadow: 0 4px 8px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.1);
}

#question-container {
  margin-bottom: 20px;
}

#question {
  font-size: 24px;
  margin-bottom: 10px;
}

.btn-grid {
  display: grid;
  grid-template-columns: repeat(2, auto);
  gap: 10px;
}

.button {
  padding: 10px 15px;
  background-color: #007BFF;
  color: white;
  border: none;
  border-radius: 5px;
  cursor: pointer;
  transition: background-color 0.3s;
}

.button:hover {
  background-color: #0056b3;
}

#controls {
  justify-content: center;
  margin-top: 20px;
}

#controls.show {
  display: flex;
}

#start-btn, #next-btn {
  padding: 10px 20px;
  background-color: #28A745;
  color: white;
  border: none;
  border-radius: 5px;
  cursor: pointer;
}

#start-btn:hover, #next-btn:hover {
  background-color: #218838;
}

.hide {
  display: none;
}

.correct {
  background-color: #28a745; /* Green color for correct answers */
  color: white;
}

.wrong {
  background-color: #dc3545; /* Red color for incorrect answers */
  color: white;
}

Try It Yourself »

JavaScript Source Code:

document.addEventListener('DOMContentLoaded', () => {
  nextButton.classList.add('hide');
});

const startButton = document.getElementById('start-btn');
const nextButton = document.getElementById('next-btn');
const questionContainerElement = document.getElementById('question-container');
const questionElement = document.getElementById('question');
const answerButtonsElement = document.getElementById('answer-buttons');
const quizAppElement = document.getElementById('quiz-app');
const resultsElement = document.createElement('div');
resultsElement.setAttribute('id', 'results');
resultsElement.classList.add('results', 'hide');
quizAppElement.appendChild(resultsElement);

let shuffledQuestions, currentQuestionIndex;
let score = 0;

startButton.addEventListener('click', startGame);
nextButton.addEventListener('click', () => {
  currentQuestionIndex++;
  setNextQuestion();
});

function startGame() {
  startButton.classList.add('hide');
  shuffledQuestions = questions.sort(() => Math.random() - .5);
  currentQuestionIndex = 0;
  questionContainerElement.classList.remove('hide');
  setNextQuestion();
}

function setNextQuestion() {
  resetState();
  showQuestion(shuffledQuestions[currentQuestionIndex]);
}

function resetState() {
  clearStatusClass(document.body);
  nextButton.classList.add('hide');
  while (answerButtonsElement.firstChild) {
      answerButtonsElement.removeChild(answerButtonsElement.firstChild);
  }
}

function showQuestion(question) {
  questionElement.innerText = question.question;
  question.answers.forEach(answer => {
      const button = document.createElement('button');
      button.innerText = answer.text;
      button.classList.add('btn');
      if (answer.correct) {
          button.dataset.correct = answer.correct;
      }
      button.addEventListener('click', () => selectAnswer(button));
      answerButtonsElement.appendChild(button);
  });
}

function selectAnswer(selectedButton) {
  Array.from(answerButtonsElement.children).forEach(button => {
      button.disabled = true;
      setStatusClass(button, button.dataset.correct);
  });

  const correct = selectedButton.dataset.correct;
  if (correct) {
      score++;
  }
  setStatusClass(selectedButton, correct);

  setTimeout(() => {
      if (shuffledQuestions.length > currentQuestionIndex + 1) {
          nextButton.classList.remove('hide');
      } else {
          concludeQuiz();
      }
  }, 1000); // Adjust delay as needed
 
}

function setStatusClass(element, correct) {
  clearStatusClass(element);
  if (correct) {
      element.classList.add('correct');
  } else {
      element.classList.add('wrong');
  }
}

function clearStatusClass(element) {
  element.classList.remove('correct');
  element.classList.remove('wrong');
}

function concludeQuiz() {
  questionContainerElement.classList.add('hide');
  nextButton.classList.add('hide');

  resultsElement.classList.remove('hide');
  resultsElement.innerHTML = `
      <h2>Quiz Completed!</h2>
      <p>Your score: ${score} out of ${shuffledQuestions.length}</p>
      <button onclick="restartQuiz()">Restart Quiz</button>
  `;
  quizAppElement.appendChild(resultsElement);
}

function restartQuiz() {
  resultsElement.classList.add('hide');
  score = 0;
  currentQuestionIndex = 0;
  startGame();
}

const questions = [
  {
      question: "What is a Variable in JavaScript?",
      answers: [
          { text: "A section of the webpage", correct: false },
          { text: "A container for storing data values", correct: true },
          { text: "A type of JavaScript function", correct: false },
          { text: "An operation in mathematics", correct: false }
      ]
  },
  {
      question: "Which of the following is used to declare a variable in JavaScript?",
      answers: [
          { text: "var", correct: false },
          { text: "let", correct: false },
          { text: "const", correct: false },
          { text: "All of the above", correct: true }
      ]
  },
  {
      question: "What does the `===` operator check?",
      answers: [
          { text: "Only value equality", correct: false },
          { text: "Only type equality", correct: false },
          { text: "Both value and type equality", correct: true },
          { text: "Neither value nor type equality", correct: false }
      ]
  },
  {
      question: "What is an Array in JavaScript?",
      answers: [
          { text: "A function that performs an operation", correct: false },
          { text: "A single variable used to store different elements", correct: true },
          { text: "A series of characters", correct: false },
          { text: "A conditional statement", correct: false }
      ]
  },
  {
      question: "Which method can add one or more elements to the end of an array?",
      answers: [
          { text: "array.unshift()", correct: false },
          { text: "array.push()", correct: true },
          { text: "array.pop()", correct: false },
          { text: "array.slice()", correct: false }
      ]
  },
  {
      question: "How do you create a function in JavaScript?",
      answers: [
          { text: "function myFunction()", correct: true },
          { text: "create myFunction()", correct: false },
          { text: "function: myFunction()", correct: false },
          { text: "function = myFunction()", correct: false }
      ]
  },
  {
      question: "Which statement is used to execute actions based on a condition?",
      answers: [
          { text: "for", correct: false },
          { text: "while", correct: false },
          { text: "if", correct: true },
          { text: "switch", correct: false }
      ]
  },
  {
      question: "What is the purpose of a loop in JavaScript?",
      answers: [
          { text: "To perform a single action once", correct: false },
          { text: "To store multiple values in a single variable", correct: false },
          { text: "To execute a block of code a number of times", correct: true },
          { text: "To speed up code execution", correct: false }
      ]
  },
  {
      question: "Which object is the top-level object in a browser environment?",
      answers: [
          { text: "Document", correct: false },
          { text: "Window", correct: true },
          { text: "Console", correct: false },
          { text: "Navigator", correct: false }
      ]
  },
  {
      question: "What is the correct syntax for referring to an external script called `app.js`?",
      answers: [
          { text: "<script href='app.js'>", correct: false },
          { text: "<script source='app.js'>", correct: false },
          { text: "<script src='app.js'>", correct: true },
          { text: "<script link='app.js'>", correct: false }
      ]
  }
];

Try It Yourself »

Wrapping Up

Building a JavaScript quiz app using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript is a great way to enhance your web development skills and delve into creating interactive web applications.

By creating this practical and interactive app, you've tackled various challenges, including crafting a user-friendly interface, managing question and answer logic, and dynamically updating the webpage based on user selections within the quiz. 

In this tutorial, you’ve learned how to:

  • Use HTML and CSS to design an intuitive and visually appealing quiz app interface.
  • Write JavaScript to handle the presentation of questions, selection of answers, and navigation through the quiz.
  • Dynamically update HTML content with JavaScript to reflect the current state of the quiz, including showing questions, selected answers, and results.
  • Respond to user actions by adding event listeners for answer selection and quiz progression.
  • Enhance the user experience with optional features like timers for each question, animations for transitions, and immediate feedback on selections.

You now possess the essential skills and insights to further expand and refine this JavaScript quiz app. 

You might consider adding advanced features, such as different difficulty levels, a broader range of question types (e.g., multiple-choice, true/false, fill-in-the-blank), or integrate the quiz into a larger educational platform. 

Your journey into the world of JavaScript doesn't end here. With these new skills, you're well-equipped to experiment with more complex JavaScript projects, explore other aspects of JavaScript, and continue building fun and interactive web experiences.

And remember, you can do all this using our online JavaScript compiler, so get creative, have fun, and happy coding!

Want to sharpen up your JavaScript and web development skills? Check out:

Dr. Angela Yu's Complete Web Development Bootcamp

By Robert Johns

Technical Editor for Hackr.io | 15+ Years in Python, Java, SQL, C++, C#, JavaScript, Ruby, PHP, .NET, MATLAB, HTML & CSS, and more... 10+ Years in Networking, Cloud, APIs, Linux | 5+ Years in Data Science | 2x PhDs in Structural & Blast Engineering

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Mark

Thanks for providing such insights. Keep us updated!

2 months ago

Robert Johns

Thanks, Mark. I'm glad you enjoyed this tutorial. Anything else you'd like to see us cover in future step-by-step projects?

2 months ago

Robert Johns

Thanks, Mark. I'm glad you enjoyed this tutorial. Anything else you'd like to see us cover in future step-by-step projects?

2 months ago