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10 Best Programming Languages to Learn in 2019 (for Job & Future)

10 Programming Languages10 Programming Languages you should learn right now

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The most important skill to learn in today’s world is to know how to write a computer program. Today, computers have entered in almost every industry. Be it the autopilot in an aircraft or digital speedometer in your bike, computers in various forms surround us. Computers are extremely useful for an organization to scale up well. Gone are the days of pen and paper. Today, in order to store and access your information, you absolutely need computers.

The programming and developer community are emerging at a rate faster than ever before. Various new programming languages are coming up that are suited for different categories of developers (beginners, intermediate, and experts) as well as for different use cases (web application, mobile applications, game development, distributed system, etc).

Let us take a look at best Programming Languages to learn in 2019 for a job and for future prospects:

Python

Python-Logo

Python undoubtedly tops the list. It is widely accepted as the best programming language to learn first. Python is fast, easy-to-use, and easy-to-deploy programming language that is being widely used to develop scalable web applications. YouTube, Instagram, Pinterest, SurveyMonkey are all built in Python. Python provides an excellent library support and has a large developer community. The programming language provides a great starting point for beginners. Talking about those who are looking for a better job, you should definitely learn Python ASAP! A lot of startups are using Python as their primary backend stack and so, this opens up a huge opportunity for full-stack Python developers. Here is a sample Python “Hello World!” program:

  print “Hello World!"

Yes, Python is that simple! Anyone who wishes to join a startup should master Python programming.

Difficulty level: Easy to learn. Best language for beginners. 5 out of 5.

Job opportunity: Huge! 5 out of 5.

Java

Java-Logo

 

Java is another popular choice in large organizations and it has remained so for decades. Java is widely used for building enterprise-scale web applications. Java is known to be extremely stable and so, many large enterprises have adopted it. If you are looking for a development based job at a large organization, Java is the language that you should learn.

Java is also widely used in Android App Development. Almost any business today needs an Android Application owing to the fact that there are billions of Android users today. This opens up a huge opportunity for Java developers given the fact that Google has created an excellent Java-based Android development framework – Android Studio.

Difficulty level: Easy to moderate to learn. 4 out of 5.

Job opportunity: Huge! 4.5 out of 5. [Best Java tutorials and courses]

C/C++

C++

C/C++ is like the bread and butter of programming. Almost all low-level systems such as operating systems, file systems, etc are written in C/C++. If you wish to be a system-level programmer, C/C++ is the language you should learn.

C++ is also widely used by competitive programmers owing to the fact that it is extremely fast and stable. C++ also provides something called as STL – Standard Template Library. STL is a pool of ready-to-use libraries for various data structures, arithmetic operations, and algorithms. The library support and speed of the language make it a popular choice in the High-frequency trading community as well.

Difficulty level: Easy to moderate to learn. 3 out of 5.

Job opportunity: Moderate! 3.5 out of 5.

JavaScript

JavaScript is the “frontend” programming language. JavaScript is widely used to design interactive frontend applications. For instance, when you click on a button which opens up a popup, the logic is implemented via JavaScript.

These days, many organizations, particularly startups, are using NodeJS which is a JavaScript-based run-time environment. Node.js lets developers use JavaScript for server-side scripting—running scripts server-side to produce dynamic web page content before the page is sent to the user’s web browser. Hence now with JS, you can use a single programming language for server side and client side scripts. If you are looking for that cool tech job at your favorite startup, you should seriously consider learning JavaScript.

Difficulty level: Easy to learn. 4.5 out of 5.

Job opportunity: Huge! 5 out of 5. [Best JavaScript tutorials and courses]

Go programming language

Go programming language

Go, also known as Golang, is a programming language built by Google. Go provides excellent support for multithreading and so, it is being used by a lot of companies that rely heavily on distributed systems. Go is widely used in startups in Silicon Valley. However, it is yet to be adopted by Indian companies/startups. Those who wish to join a Valley-based startup specializing in core systems should master Golang.

Difficulty level: Easy to moderate to learn. 3 out of 5.

Job opportunity: Moderate! 2.5 out of 5. [Best Golang tutorials]

R

R Programming Language

R programming language is one of the most commonly used programming languages for Data Analysis and Machine Learning. R provides an excellent framework and built-in libraries to develop powerful Machine Learning algorithms. R is also used for general statistical computing as well as graphics. R has been well adopted by enterprises. Those who wish to join “Analytics” team of a large organization should definitely learn R.

Difficulty level: Easy to moderate to learn. 3 out of 5.

Job opportunity: Huge! 4 out of 5. [Best R tutorials]

Swift

Swift is the programming language that is used to develop iOS applications. iOS-based devices are becoming increasingly popular. Apple iPhone, for instance, has captured a significant market share and is giving a tough competition to Android. Therefore, those who want to serve this community can learn Swift programming.

Difficulty level: Easy to moderate to learn. 3.5 out of 5.

Job opportunity: Huge! 4 out of 5. [Best Swift tutorials]

PHP

PHP

PHP is among the most popular backend programming language. Though PHP is facing a tough competition from Python and JavaScript, the market still needs a large number of PHP developers. Those who wish to join a reasonably well old organization as a backend developer should aim to learn PHP programming.

Difficulty level: Easy to learn. 4.5 out of 5.

job opportunity: Huge! 4.5 out of 5. [Best PHP tutorials and courses]

C#

C#

C# is a general-purpose programming language developed by Microsoft. C# is widely used for backend programming, building games (using Unity), building Window mobile phone apps and lots of other use cases.

Difficulty level: Easy to moderate to learn. 3.5 out of 5.

Job opportunity: 2.5 out of 5. [Best C# tutorials and courses]

MATLAB

MATLAB

MATLAB is a statistical analysis tool that is used in various industries for Data Analysis. MATLAB is used widely in the Computer Vision and Image processing industry as well.

Difficulty level: Easy to moderate to learn. 3 out of 5.

Job opportunity: Huge! 4 out of 5. [Best MATLAB tutorials and courses]

Summary

  • Python and JavaScript are hot in the startup world. Many startups use Django (Python), Flask (Python), and NodeJS (JavaScript) as their backend frameworks. Python and JavaScript are easy-to-learn and therefore considered the best programming languages to learn for beginners. Moreover, both of them also provide a huge market opportunity. Therefore, those who are looking for a job change may also consider learning them.
  • Java and PHP are hot in the corporate world. Many organizations use Spring (Java) and Codeigniter (PHP) as their web backend framework.
  • R and MATLAB are hot in the Analytics world. If you wish to develop a career in data analytics, these are the languages to learn.
  • C/C++ and Golang are the top choices in building low-latency and scalable systems.

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75 Comments, RSS

  1. Avatar

    Android developer December 1, 2018 @ 9:32 am

    Thank you for sharing this wonderful article..This is very important for all who are looking forward for learning new languages

  2. Avatar

    Pankaj Verma January 2, 2019 @ 7:03 pm

    What is your opinion about VB.Net programming language

    • Hackr Team

      Hackr Team January 12, 2019 @ 8:54 am

      VB.Net has its strong developer ecosystem. Though most of the new programmers are getting started with Python, JS, etc but VB.Net remains steady.

      • Avatar

        Sir Aries February 17, 2019 @ 9:20 am

        correct hackr team very well said

  3. Avatar

    Mike January 2, 2019 @ 9:18 pm

    I would also consider learning Dart because it is a trending mobile application development and also it is compatible with IOS and Android.

  4. Avatar

    Similar Kumar .v January 9, 2019 @ 11:04 pm

    I want learn simple coding language for curiosity which is best suited for beginners

    • Hackr Team

      Hackr Team January 12, 2019 @ 8:29 am

      You can start with Python. It’s very beginner friendly.

      • Avatar

        Sarmon Bin Hashem January 14, 2019 @ 1:09 pm

        Can you help me for learn python?

        • Avatar

          Katie Holmes March 28, 2019 @ 11:13 am

          Python is very easy to learn. You can simply start with some tutorials about the basics and then try coding using some online compiler like onlinegdb.com.

      • Avatar

        kurt March 26, 2019 @ 5:39 pm

        Easiest languages with smallest number of rules and syntax is probably SMALTALK or Scheme – both are classic programming languages. Easy to grab concepts and learn programming!

  5. Avatar

    Buggana Lakshmi Mahendra Reddy January 10, 2019 @ 12:42 pm

    Thanking you sir for sharing wonderful information

  6. Avatar

    Skyler January 13, 2019 @ 3:25 pm

    How about QBASIC ### the easiest

    • Avatar

      James Donne March 28, 2019 @ 11:15 am

      Yes, it’s true that QBasic is super easy to learn. However, it is a dated programming tool lacking functionality and power. As such, it is no longer used in the industry

  7. Avatar

    David Scott January 17, 2019 @ 10:44 am

    Thanks for the nice article.
    It’s interesting to see MATLAB in the list. At least that’s another one I know.
    In Python, since this is 2019 and version 3 is becoming more dominant, the statement
    print “Hello World!” works in Python 2. but not 3. which should be with parentheses:
    print (“Hello World!” )

  8. Avatar

    Kris January 17, 2019 @ 4:52 pm

    So, I should learn c# in 2019 because:
    “C# is widely used for building the backend of Windows Phone applications.”

    I don’t think so! C# is a great language to learn in 2019, but not for the reason stated in this article.

  9. Avatar

    charles January 18, 2019 @ 1:10 am

    The Python Hello world program is outdated. That was the older Python2. In Python3 the print statement is a function. print(“Hello World”)

  10. Avatar

    Alex Ungur January 21, 2019 @ 2:35 pm

    “Golang, popularly known as Go, is the new programming language built by Google.”. The name of the language is Go, not Golang. Golang is only meant to be used for searching/tagging purposes (making articles easier to find for example) but it is NOT the name of the language. Not anymore than Python is Pythonlang or C Clang…

    Secondly, Go 1st appeared in 2009, whereas Swift in 2014… how come Go is “the new language” ?

    • Hackr Team

      Hackr Team January 28, 2019 @ 12:50 pm

      Ohh yeah, fixed. Thanks.

  11. Avatar

    Arushit Mudgal January 24, 2019 @ 12:49 pm

    NodeJS is not a web framework. 🙂

    • Avatar

      michael ion February 22, 2019 @ 11:05 pm

      right, it is a server environment. Express is a framework.

  12. Avatar

    nitin January 27, 2019 @ 10:05 pm

    which programming language will be in boom and highly paid job oriented

    • Avatar

      Damian Stalker March 28, 2019 @ 11:16 am

      Go, JavaScript, Node.js, Perl, JavaScript, Java, TypeScript, Python, Ruby, Swift, C# are some of the highest paying programming languages right now

  13. Avatar

    Julian McFarlane January 31, 2019 @ 7:35 pm

    Er c# is mainly used for the backend of windows phone applications. Are you serious?

  14. Avatar

    Pol February 8, 2019 @ 4:46 pm

    Why is not ruby on that list? EEUU is plenty of RoR developers. And a lot of startups are growing with RoR as core stack.

    Sounds sad a world without ruby.

  15. Avatar

    Shafiullah February 16, 2019 @ 7:00 pm

    I m student of computer science i m soo confused
    I need help in my future to which field or program language to learn

    • Avatar

      Vijay Khatri March 1, 2019 @ 12:24 pm

      Python is Best and Booming technology, which can be used IN AI, Blockchain, ML and others too.

      So you can go with Python.

  16. Avatar

    michael ion February 22, 2019 @ 11:17 pm

    Ruby is very much in high demand, especially for startups. Any OOP language is in high demand.
    C# is high demand also, major big companies like Accenture, Infosys, Netflix, Capital One and on and one they are hiring C# developers all the time. Learn C# .NET .NET Core.

    Java is high demand yes for big corporate, but so are the other OOP languages. You fail to mention that Java is also a dinosaur language that is boring and those big corp are narrow minded.

    Also you fail to mention the back-end story to the language wars.
    Java and Oracle
    C# and Microsoft

    these two go head to head against one another, so you want to work for a company like Microsoft? learn C# because that’s who owns it.

    By the way, Microsoft bought out github last year.

    Java is owned by Oracle

    My advice for any starter is it does not matter which language you pick, unless you want to work for NASA and build rockets (then learn LISP or SCHEME). Unless so, just pick any language you will have jobs.

    Only language you will have to learn without a doubt is Javascript. Even better, you can learn MEAN or MERN stack (MEAN= mongodb, express, angular, node) These are full stack written in pure javascript, now you don’t have to cross language while you develop. If you want to be a step ahead of the game, learn Javascript and the full stack MEAN or MERN(mongodb, express,react,node).

  17. Avatar

    Jeff Roberson March 18, 2019 @ 9:40 am

    Which programming language is best for getting job 2019?

    • Avatar

      Kyle Garner March 28, 2019 @ 11:18 am

      JavaScript, Java, Perl, Python, and C# are the best options to get a job in 2019. However, it doesn’t matter that much what language you chose, the most important thing is to develop an immaculate understanding of the language you choose. Job opportunities are aplenty

  18. Avatar

    Adrian Daniels March 18, 2019 @ 9:40 am

    Which computer language is most in demand?

    • Avatar

      Ashton Cross March 28, 2019 @ 11:42 am

      Java, JavaScript, TypeScript, Python, C#, Perl, and Ruby are the prominent programming languages that are high on demand these days.

  19. Avatar

    Alexander Vaughn March 18, 2019 @ 9:41 am

    What is the easiest code to learn?

    • Avatar

      Matt Trinity March 28, 2019 @ 11:43 am

      Python code is perhaps the easiest to learn. This is due to it having a pseudo English-like syntax.

  20. Avatar

    Deborah Cole March 18, 2019 @ 9:41 am

    Is Java a good beginner language?

    • Avatar

      Sylvester Atkinson March 28, 2019 @ 11:43 am

      Yes! No matter whether you’re a seasoned programming expert or a greenhorn in the field, Java is easy to begin with

  21. Avatar

    Pauline Quinn March 18, 2019 @ 9:42 am

    Is Python better than Java?

    • Avatar

      Millie James March 28, 2019 @ 11:44 am

      Python is much easier to learn than Java. However, both languages have their own advantages and issues over one another. Such as, Java is statically typed while Python is dynamically typed. It makes Python easier to read and write but difficult to analyze.

  22. Avatar

    Emma Wise March 18, 2019 @ 9:42 am

    Can we learn Java without C, C++ without knowing?

    • Avatar

      Tom Mason March 28, 2019 @ 11:45 am

      Yes, it is possible to learn Java without having an understanding of C and C++. But because Java has many aspects that are similar to the two legendary programming languages, it is surely a boost to have a prior C/C++ knowledge before kicking off with Java

  23. Avatar

    Dave Craig March 18, 2019 @ 9:43 am

    Should I learn C before C++?

    • Avatar

      Lisa Ray March 28, 2019 @ 11:46 am

      Not a compulsion but it will definitely make understanding and advancing with C++ much easier.

  24. Avatar

    Sergio Hill March 18, 2019 @ 9:44 am

    How can I be an efficient programmer?

    • Avatar

      Nash Fishburne March 28, 2019 @ 11:46 am

      There are two most important aspects of efficient programming, continuous learning, and practice. These are the two most important tools for anyone aiming to be a great programmer.

  25. Avatar

    Pablo Ramsey March 18, 2019 @ 9:44 am

    How long does it take to master programming?

    • Avatar

      Cristian Florin March 21, 2019 @ 2:37 pm

      Since this is a funny question I felt the need to answer.
      Mastering programming takes at least 21 years. I am programming in all type of languages (except Java – i dislike Java for no reason) for 20 years now. so maybe next year I am a master programmer, but we will see …

  26. Avatar

    Gerardo Obrien March 18, 2019 @ 9:45 am

    How long does it take to learn Python programming?

    • Avatar

      Yuri Chong March 28, 2019 @ 11:48 am

      A programming language is just like a language, it can take several months to learn and many years to master. Python being a beginner-friendly language can be learned in about a month. However, mastering it and learning the complexities requires much more time than that.

  27. Avatar

    Viola Elliott March 18, 2019 @ 9:46 am

    Is R or Python better for machine learning?

    • Avatar

      kurt March 26, 2019 @ 5:44 pm

      It depends what You would do and what You know. If You are more data scientist with strpng math/statistical background than R would be easier and better for You.
      If You are more tachnical like dev or engineer in Big Data then Python would be better.
      However it is worth also to think about other eg. Julia and Elixir and check comparison of these languages on google. Depends on what You want to do

  28. Avatar

    Erick Tate March 18, 2019 @ 9:48 am

    Is Python faster than Matlab?

    • Avatar

      Jimmy Dickens March 28, 2019 @ 11:49 am

      Although the speed of a programming language depends on implementations and a galore of other factors, Python is probably faster than Matlab. As numerical data is treated as complex doubles in Matlab, it slows down the overall speed

  29. Avatar

    Clay Nichols March 18, 2019 @ 10:40 am

    Do programmers get paid well?

    • Avatar

      David Stan March 28, 2019 @ 11:50 am

      Programming is one of the highest-paying jobs provided you are adept in working in an array of programming languages and related tools.

  30. Avatar

    Fannie Guerrero March 18, 2019 @ 10:41 am

    Do you need a degree to be a programmer?

    • Avatar

      Kim Kyle March 28, 2019 @ 11:50 am

      Being a programmer doesn’t necessitate for a degree. However, having some kind of degree in programming is surely an added benefit.

  31. Avatar

    John Robertson March 18, 2019 @ 10:42 am

    How long does it take to become a certified medical coder?

    • Avatar

      Mahmood Hassan March 28, 2019 @ 11:51 am

      Several online certificate programs for medical billing and coding are available can be completed in less than a year. However, an associate degree requires 2 years and a bachelor’s degree requires 4 years

  32. Avatar

    Leticia Morrison March 18, 2019 @ 10:43 am

    Is swift programming language easy to learn?

    • Avatar

      Jamie Drake March 28, 2019 @ 11:52 am

      Swift is a new programming language developed by Apple for developing iOS and macOS apps. In addition to being easy to learn, it flaunts safe programming patterns and modern features.

  33. Avatar

    Wayne Steele March 18, 2019 @ 11:05 am

    What programming language is used for machine learning?

    • Avatar

      Paul Peers March 28, 2019 @ 11:52 am

      Although there are a number of languages used for machine learning, R, Python, Java, and Prolog are some of the best options.

  34. Avatar

    Juanita Sutton March 18, 2019 @ 11:08 am

    What is best programming language for Artificial Intelligence projects?

    • Avatar

      Mohit Shetty March 28, 2019 @ 11:53 am

      R, Python, and Lisp are leading programming languages for AI projects.

  35. Avatar

    Bradley Potter March 18, 2019 @ 11:09 am

    Is AI an existential threat to humanity?

    • Avatar

      Jay Ulman March 28, 2019 @ 11:54 am

      AI being a threat to humanity is debatable. However, one thing I know for sure is that the biggest enemy of humanity as well as its savior is humanity itself.

  36. Avatar

    Jesse Tyler March 18, 2019 @ 1:17 pm

    What programming language is the most popular for web development?

    • Avatar

      Castor King March 28, 2019 @ 11:55 am

      JS, without a doubt!

  37. Avatar

    narmi March 29, 2019 @ 11:15 am

    thank you sir fro sharing usefull informations…..

  38. Avatar

    techsteeds April 3, 2019 @ 5:57 pm

    I want to big thanks for sharing wonderful list Nice work

  39. Avatar

    zig April 5, 2019 @ 12:18 pm

    thanks for the summing that python is what should be learnt 1st and good fortune to you.

  40. Avatar

    Chris April 9, 2019 @ 7:31 am

    Gosh, I disagree with so much here. Did a non programmer write this?

    Java is not easier to learn than go, rust doesnt have better job opportunities than c#, I mean so much is wrong here.

    I hope people don’t really look at this an plan their career around it. Wowzers.

    • Avatar

      Dhiraj April 12, 2019 @ 12:35 pm

      very well said, I thought Rust would be one of the emerging language mentioned the blog, but no a single word about it has been mentioned.

  41. Avatar

    Adhi April 22, 2019 @ 7:25 pm

    Is there any free app ,or web linls, to learn c ,c++ ,java, python freely if available Kindly please reply me

  42. Avatar

    Shubham April 26, 2019 @ 5:47 pm

    Hello Ahsen,
    I think Java is the best programming language to learn in 2019. I just want to know that is c# is good to learn in 2019 or not?
    Regards, Shubham