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10 Best Programming Languages to Learn in 2019 (for Job & Future)

10 Programming Languages

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The most important skill to learn in today’s world is to know how to write a computer program. Today, computers have entered in almost every industry. Be it the autopilot in an aircraft or digital speedometer in your bike, computers in various forms surround us. Computers are extremely useful for an organization to scale up well. Gone are the days of pen and paper. Today, in order to store and access your information, you absolutely need computers.

The programming and developer community are emerging at a rate faster than ever before. Various new programming languages are coming up that are suited for different categories of developers (beginners, intermediate, and experts) as well as for different use cases (web application, mobile applications, game development, distributed system, etc).

Let us take a look at best Programming Languages to learn in 2019 for a job and for future prospects:

Python

Python-Logo

Python undoubtedly tops the list. It is widely accepted as the best programming language to learn first. Python is fast, easy-to-use, and easy-to-deploy programming language that is being widely used to develop scalable web applications. YouTube, Instagram, Pinterest, SurveyMonkey are all built in Python. Python provides an excellent library support and has a large developer community. The programming language provides a great starting point for beginners. Talking about those who are looking for a better job, you should definitely learn Python ASAP! A lot of startups are using Python as their primary backend stack and so, this opens up a huge opportunity for full-stack Python developers. Here is a sample Python “Hello World!” program:

  print “Hello World!"

Yes, Python is that simple! Anyone who wishes to join a startup should master Python programming.

Difficulty level: Easy to learn. Best language for beginners. 5 out of 5.

Job opportunity: Huge! 5 out of 5.

Java

Java-Logo

 

Java is another popular choice in large organizations and it has remained so for decades. Java is widely used for building enterprise-scale web applications. Java is known to be extremely stable and so, many large enterprises have adopted it. If you are looking for a development based job at a large organization, Java is the language that you should learn.

Java is also widely used in Android App Development. Almost any business today needs an Android Application owing to the fact that there are billions of Android users today. This opens up a huge opportunity for Java developers given the fact that Google has created an excellent Java-based Android development framework – Android Studio.

Difficulty level: Easy to moderate to learn. 4 out of 5.

Job opportunity: Huge! 4.5 out of 5. [Best Java tutorials and courses]

C/C++

C++

C/C++ is like the bread and butter of programming. Almost all low-level systems such as operating systems, file systems, etc are written in C/C++. If you wish to be a system-level programmer, C/C++ is the language you should learn.

C++ is also widely used by competitive programmers owing to the fact that it is extremely fast and stable. C++ also provides something called as STL – Standard Template Library. STL is a pool of ready-to-use libraries for various data structures, arithmetic operations, and algorithms. The library support and speed of the language make it a popular choice in the High-frequency trading community as well.

Difficulty level: Easy to moderate to learn. 3 out of 5.

Job opportunity: Moderate! 3.5 out of 5.

JavaScript

JavaScript is the “frontend” programming language. JavaScript is widely used to design interactive frontend applications. For instance, when you click on a button which opens up a popup, the logic is implemented via JavaScript.

These days, many organizations, particularly startups, are using NodeJS which is a JavaScript-based run-time environment. Node.js lets developers use JavaScript for server-side scripting—running scripts server-side to produce dynamic web page content before the page is sent to the user’s web browser. Hence now with JS, you can use a single programming language for server side and client side scripts. If you are looking for that cool tech job at your favorite startup, you should seriously consider learning JavaScript.

Difficulty level: Easy to learn. 4.5 out of 5.

Job opportunity: Huge! 5 out of 5. [Best JavaScript tutorials and courses]

Go programming language

Go programming language

Go, also known as Golang, is a programming language built by Google. Go provides excellent support for multithreading and so, it is being used by a lot of companies that rely heavily on distributed systems. Go is widely used in startups in Silicon Valley. However, it is yet to be adopted by Indian companies/startups. Those who wish to join a Valley-based startup specializing in core systems should master Golang.

Difficulty level: Easy to moderate to learn. 3 out of 5.

Job opportunity: Moderate! 2.5 out of 5. [Best Golang tutorials]

R

R Programming Language

R programming language is one of the most commonly used programming languages for Data Analysis and Machine Learning. R provides an excellent framework and built-in libraries to develop powerful Machine Learning algorithms. R is also used for general statistical computing as well as graphics. R has been well adopted by enterprises. Those who wish to join “Analytics” team of a large organization should definitely learn R.

Difficulty level: Easy to moderate to learn. 3 out of 5.

Job opportunity: Huge! 4 out of 5. [Best R tutorials]

Swift

Swift is the programming language that is used to develop iOS applications. iOS-based devices are becoming increasingly popular. Apple iPhone, for instance, has captured a significant market share and is giving a tough competition to Android. Therefore, those who want to serve this community can learn Swift programming.

Difficulty level: Easy to moderate to learn. 3.5 out of 5.

Job opportunity: Huge! 4 out of 5. [Best Swift tutorials]

PHP

PHP

PHP is among the most popular backend programming language. Though PHP is facing a tough competition from Python and JavaScript, the market still needs a large number of PHP developers. Those who wish to join a reasonably well old organization as a backend developer should aim to learn PHP programming.

Difficulty level: Easy to learn. 4.5 out of 5.

job opportunity: Huge! 4.5 out of 5. [Best PHP tutorials and courses]

C#

C#

C# is a general-purpose programming language developed by Microsoft. C# is widely used for backend programming, building games (using Unity), building Window mobile phone apps and lots of other use cases.

Difficulty level: Easy to moderate to learn. 3.5 out of 5.

Job opportunity: 2.5 out of 5. [Best C# tutorials and courses]

MATLAB

MATLAB

MATLAB is a statistical analysis tool that is used in various industries for Data Analysis. MATLAB is used widely in the Computer Vision and Image processing industry as well.

Difficulty level: Easy to moderate to learn. 3 out of 5.

Job opportunity: Huge! 4 out of 5. [Best MATLAB tutorials and courses]

Summary

  • Python and JavaScript are hot in the startup world. Many startups use Django (Python), Flask (Python), and NodeJS (JavaScript) as their backend frameworks. Python and JavaScript are easy-to-learn and therefore considered the best programming languages to learn for beginners. Moreover, both of them also provide a huge market opportunity. Therefore, those who are looking for a job change may also consider learning them.
  • Java and PHP are hot in the corporate world. Many organizations use Spring (Java) and Codeigniter (PHP) as their web backend framework.
  • R and MATLAB are hot in the Analytics world. If you wish to develop a career in data analytics, these are the languages to learn.
  • C/C++ and Golang are the top choices in building low-latency and scalable systems.

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43 Comments, RSS

  1. Avatar

    Android developer December 1, 2018 @ 9:32 am

    Thank you for sharing this wonderful article..This is very important for all who are looking forward for learning new languages

  2. Avatar

    Pankaj Verma January 2, 2019 @ 7:03 pm

    What is your opinion about VB.Net programming language

    • Hackr Team

      Hackr Team January 12, 2019 @ 8:54 am

      VB.Net has its strong developer ecosystem. Though most of the new programmers are getting started with Python, JS, etc but VB.Net remains steady.

      • Avatar

        Sir Aries February 17, 2019 @ 9:20 am

        correct hackr team very well said

  3. Avatar

    Mike January 2, 2019 @ 9:18 pm

    I would also consider learning Dart because it is a trending mobile application development and also it is compatible with IOS and Android.

  4. Avatar

    Similar Kumar .v January 9, 2019 @ 11:04 pm

    I want learn simple coding language for curiosity which is best suited for beginners

    • Hackr Team

      Hackr Team January 12, 2019 @ 8:29 am

      You can start with Python. It’s very beginner friendly.

      • Avatar

        Sarmon Bin Hashem January 14, 2019 @ 1:09 pm

        Can you help me for learn python?

  5. Avatar

    Buggana Lakshmi Mahendra Reddy January 10, 2019 @ 12:42 pm

    Thanking you sir for sharing wonderful information

  6. Avatar

    Skyler January 13, 2019 @ 3:25 pm

    How about QBASIC ### the easiest

  7. Avatar

    David Scott January 17, 2019 @ 10:44 am

    Thanks for the nice article.
    It’s interesting to see MATLAB in the list. At least that’s another one I know.
    In Python, since this is 2019 and version 3 is becoming more dominant, the statement
    print “Hello World!” works in Python 2. but not 3. which should be with parentheses:
    print (“Hello World!” )

  8. Avatar

    Kris January 17, 2019 @ 4:52 pm

    So, I should learn c# in 2019 because:
    “C# is widely used for building the backend of Windows Phone applications.”

    I don’t think so! C# is a great language to learn in 2019, but not for the reason stated in this article.

  9. Avatar

    charles January 18, 2019 @ 1:10 am

    The Python Hello world program is outdated. That was the older Python2. In Python3 the print statement is a function. print(“Hello World”)

  10. Avatar

    Alex Ungur January 21, 2019 @ 2:35 pm

    “Golang, popularly known as Go, is the new programming language built by Google.”. The name of the language is Go, not Golang. Golang is only meant to be used for searching/tagging purposes (making articles easier to find for example) but it is NOT the name of the language. Not anymore than Python is Pythonlang or C Clang…

    Secondly, Go 1st appeared in 2009, whereas Swift in 2014… how come Go is “the new language” ?

    • Hackr Team

      Hackr Team January 28, 2019 @ 12:50 pm

      Ohh yeah, fixed. Thanks.

  11. Avatar

    Arushit Mudgal January 24, 2019 @ 12:49 pm

    NodeJS is not a web framework. 🙂

    • Avatar

      michael ion February 22, 2019 @ 11:05 pm

      right, it is a server environment. Express is a framework.

  12. Avatar

    nitin January 27, 2019 @ 10:05 pm

    which programming language will be in boom and highly paid job oriented

  13. Avatar

    Julian McFarlane January 31, 2019 @ 7:35 pm

    Er c# is mainly used for the backend of windows phone applications. Are you serious?

  14. Avatar

    Pol February 8, 2019 @ 4:46 pm

    Why is not ruby on that list? EEUU is plenty of RoR developers. And a lot of startups are growing with RoR as core stack.

    Sounds sad a world without ruby.

  15. Avatar

    Shafiullah February 16, 2019 @ 7:00 pm

    I m student of computer science i m soo confused
    I need help in my future to which field or program language to learn

    • Avatar

      Vijay Khatri March 1, 2019 @ 12:24 pm

      Python is Best and Booming technology, which can be used IN AI, Blockchain, ML and others too.

      So you can go with Python.

  16. Avatar

    michael ion February 22, 2019 @ 11:17 pm

    Ruby is very much in high demand, especially for startups. Any OOP language is in high demand.
    C# is high demand also, major big companies like Accenture, Infosys, Netflix, Capital One and on and one they are hiring C# developers all the time. Learn C# .NET .NET Core.

    Java is high demand yes for big corporate, but so are the other OOP languages. You fail to mention that Java is also a dinosaur language that is boring and those big corp are narrow minded.

    Also you fail to mention the back-end story to the language wars.
    Java and Oracle
    C# and Microsoft

    these two go head to head against one another, so you want to work for a company like Microsoft? learn C# because that’s who owns it.

    By the way, Microsoft bought out github last year.

    Java is owned by Oracle

    My advice for any starter is it does not matter which language you pick, unless you want to work for NASA and build rockets (then learn LISP or SCHEME). Unless so, just pick any language you will have jobs.

    Only language you will have to learn without a doubt is Javascript. Even better, you can learn MEAN or MERN stack (MEAN= mongodb, express, angular, node) These are full stack written in pure javascript, now you don’t have to cross language while you develop. If you want to be a step ahead of the game, learn Javascript and the full stack MEAN or MERN(mongodb, express,react,node).

  17. Avatar

    Jeff Roberson March 18, 2019 @ 9:40 am

    Which programming language is best for getting job 2019?

  18. Avatar

    Adrian Daniels March 18, 2019 @ 9:40 am

    Which computer language is most in demand?

  19. Avatar

    Alexander Vaughn March 18, 2019 @ 9:41 am

    What is the easiest code to learn?

  20. Avatar

    Deborah Cole March 18, 2019 @ 9:41 am

    Is Java a good beginner language?

  21. Avatar

    Pauline Quinn March 18, 2019 @ 9:42 am

    Is Python better than Java?

  22. Avatar

    Emma Wise March 18, 2019 @ 9:42 am

    Can we learn Java without C, C++ without knowing?

  23. Avatar

    Dave Craig March 18, 2019 @ 9:43 am

    Should I learn C before C++?

  24. Avatar

    Sergio Hill March 18, 2019 @ 9:44 am

    How can I be an efficient programmer?

  25. Avatar

    Pablo Ramsey March 18, 2019 @ 9:44 am

    How long does it take to master programming?

  26. Avatar

    Gerardo Obrien March 18, 2019 @ 9:45 am

    How long does it take to learn Python programming?

  27. Avatar

    Viola Elliott March 18, 2019 @ 9:46 am

    Is R or Python better for machine learning?

  28. Avatar

    Erick Tate March 18, 2019 @ 9:48 am

    Is Python faster than Matlab?

  29. Avatar

    Clay Nichols March 18, 2019 @ 10:40 am

    Do programmers get paid well?

  30. Avatar

    Fannie Guerrero March 18, 2019 @ 10:41 am

    Do you need a degree to be a programmer?

  31. Avatar

    John Robertson March 18, 2019 @ 10:42 am

    How long does it take to become a certified medical coder?

  32. Avatar

    Leticia Morrison March 18, 2019 @ 10:43 am

    Is swift programming language easy to learn?

  33. Avatar

    Wayne Steele March 18, 2019 @ 11:05 am

    What programming language is used for machine learning?

  34. Avatar

    Juanita Sutton March 18, 2019 @ 11:08 am

    What is best programming language for Artificial Intelligence projects?

  35. Avatar

    Bradley Potter March 18, 2019 @ 11:09 am

    Is AI an existential threat to humanity?

  36. Avatar

    Jesse Tyler March 18, 2019 @ 1:17 pm

    What programming language is the most popular for web development?