How to become a Web Developer?
Table of Contents
What is Web Development?
If you are reading this then what you see in the front of you is a website and building such an application is termed as web development. Web development is concerned with building the structure of a website and adding functionality to the elements of the web page. It is not concerned with designing a website.
Who is a Web Developer? and Roles and Responsibilities of a Web Developer
Website development involves a team of developers or known as Web developers who are responsible for building web pages or SPAs constituting a website. As we discussed, web development involves the structuring of the web page which is the job of front end developer. They are responsible for structuring a user-friendly interface of the website. Adding functionality to this interface is the work of a backend developer. A person who is full-fledged with both front-end & back-end technologies, as well as Knowledge of DBs, is a full stack developer.
Roles & Responsibilities:
Depending upon their specialty responsibilities and tasks of a web developer vary. But there are some common requirements that every web developer must fulfill. Let us see them below.
- To write web pages or single-page applications (SPAs) with a combination of markup languages.
- Ability to create quality prototypes and mockups.
- Ability to build a content management website from scratch.
- To understand HTML and CSS
- To develop functional & interactive websites and web-based applications.
- Ability to provide website maintenance and enhancement.
Apart from these basic requirements having knowledge about frameworks, server-side programming and libraries is a plus and gives you an edge in the web development industry.
Steps to Become a Web Developer
If you are an aspiring developer and beginning with web development sounds baffling to you then read through the following steps that we have written to help you begin your web development journey.
Learning Web development initially can be categorized into skills and tools that you must learn and gain expertise to develop efficient & interactive web applications. Let us see them below in details:
Websites need some technology to store all user data, and other necessary content for the functioning of the websites at a secure place; this where Database technology comes. Building a database makes it easier for the website to retrieve, organize, edit, and save its data. Most websites have their DBs run on the server & typically use a relational database management system (RDBMS) for the same.
When it comes to starring and managing data SQL or Structured Query Language is preferred by most developers. Therefore being a beginner you must learn the basics of SQL such as to insert, update, delete data from the database.
Let us discuss some popular database for 2021:
Deploying a website is a complicated task and involves the skills of a full stack or backend developer. It is suggested that you should know how to use CLI for deployment. Apart from this year, you may consider learning about the following for the deployment of your application.
You may want to learn some or all of the technologies above, choosing the tool depends on the application & the end goal of the developer.
CMS refers to an application that manages web content allowing several contributors to create in DB & displays a presentation layer based on a set of templates.
Web developers must also have a command on CMS to add interactive & engaging content to their websites for user interaction.
These are the tools used to write your code. There are various text editors and IDEs for web development that offer various features, the most common being source code highlighting, indentation, autocomplete, debugger, syntax highlighting, error highlighting, and much more. Sublime Text, Atom, PHPStorm are some of the popular tools for writing code. You can further choose from the list of best IDEs and editors here.
Git Version Control and GitHub
If you are an aspiring developer you must learn version control if you don’t want to take any risk of losing your hard work. Version control lets you save and manage your work at every stage allowing you to return or rollback to a particular stage of your project if required. GitHub tops the list of version control as it offers various features. However, BitBucket is also being used by many developers nowadays. Apart from these, there are various other version controls to choose from, one being GitLab.
Browser Dev Tools
3. Frameworks and Libraries
Libraries and frameworks are sets of pre-written code. The difference between these is that libraries are smaller & are used for specific -cases whereas a framework contains tools and components that allow the developers to write code faster; also many frameworks contain libraries.
As a beginner level developer, it is not suggested that you begin with or indulge yourself with frameworks and libraries as it may make things complicated. When you are confident enough you may want to try your hand in building websites using frameworks. To begin with, you can try Twitter Bootstrap, a CSS Framework. For more on web development frameworks, and libraries you may want to check out the best web development frameworks.
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