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How to become a Web Developer?
Web Developers are an integral part of the Internet Age. The websites and mobile pages from which we get most of our information, perform our shopping, book tickets, and more., are all made and managed by Web Developers. Web Developers are the people who design and develop websites and mobile applications. They use several programming languages to implement the required features. A web or a mobile application has many different components that collaborate to make the entire system functionality. Due to this complex nature, web developers generally specialize as Front-End Web Developers, Back-End Web Developers, or Full-Stack Developers.
How to Become a Web Developer
A Front-End Web Developers are also known as Client-Side Developers. They work on the exterior look and feel of the web application. Back-End Developers use programming languages and relational databases to integrate the front-end with the back-end. With time, the skill sets of front-end and back-end developers have been overlapping, and the industry now prefers developers with proficiency in both. Such experts are called Full Stack Developers, and they possess both Front-End and Back-End Development skills.
Let us review the skills that are required to become a Web Developer.
1. Graphics or UI
A knowledge in graphics or User Interface goes a long way in understanding the aesthetic aspect of web design. It enables you to identify and resolve compatibility issues between web browsers while displaying graphics.
Content Management Systems is an application that enables users to publish and manage the content of a website effectively. It is an intuitive user interface that helps in creating and modifying webpage content. While expertise in backend programming is not required here, knowledge in HTML and CSS is essential. Depending on the CMS that you are using, you can implement the advanced features by installing plugins and extensions. Wordpress, Joomla, Drupal, Magento, Laravel, Typo3, Serendipity, Chamilo, are a few that are worth adding to your knowledge base.
User Experience does not directly refer to design knowledge; instead, it refers to the analytical and technical understanding of how a Web Application should work. It is the understanding of the factors which keep users on the site, help them find what they are looking for, and optimize the supported functions.
5. Programming Languages
Web Applications need to store data that is available to be accessed as and when required which, calls for a good knowledge of the Relational Database Management System. A web developer needs to have a good understanding of its syntax to create, update, manipulate, and access the database to its optimal level. He should understand the difference between a relational and a non-relational database along with the knowledge of XML/JSON. Understanding the features of a relational database, web storage, knowledge of NoSQL, and database connections strengthen a career as a web developer.
7. Software Stack
It is the collection of software subsystems that work together in cohesion to create a platform to support an application without the need for any additional software. The application is said to be ‘running on top of’ the particular software stack. Irrespective of the software stack, there is always a similarity in the software stack architecture. The different kinds of software stacks for web development are:
- LAMP [Linux | Apache | MySQL | PHP]
- MERN [MongoDB | Express | React | Node.js]
- MEAN [MongoDB | Express | Angular | Node.js]
An understanding of the software stack is required when you work on a project as it gives a better technical insight into the software under development. You can optimize performance, suggest changes, and troubleshoot technical problems.
Search Engine Optimization may not be counted as a mandatory requirement for a web developer. But knowledge in this field helps you structure the website as SEO friendly from the very beginning. This will, in the long run, ease the efforts for SEO professionals, but more than that, the web application stands a better chance of success.
Having all the above skillsets gives you the option of choosing from several career opportunities. It qualifies you for being considered for a wide array of job roles. In today’s market, web developers are required to have more than one specific skill set. Although no specific degree or career path exists for being a web developer, you may go for foundational courses and intensive training options to establish yourself as a web developer.
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