Web Development

How to become a Web Developer?

Posted in Web Development
How to become a Web Developer?

Web Developers are an integral part of the Internet Age. The websites and mobile pages from which we get most of our information, perform our shopping, book tickets, and more., are all made and managed by Web Developers. Web Developers are the people who design and develop websites and mobile applications. They use several programming languages to implement the required features. A web or a mobile application has many different components that collaborate to make the entire system functionality. Due to this complex nature, web developers generally specialize as Front-End Web Developers, Back-End Web Developers, or Full-Stack Developers.

How to Become a Web Developer

A Front-End Web Developers are also known as Client-Side Developers. They work on the exterior look and feel of the web application. Back-End Developers use programming languages and relational databases to integrate the front-end with the back-end. With time, the skill sets of front-end and back-end developers have been overlapping, and the industry now prefers developers with proficiency in both. Such experts are called Full Stack Developers, and they possess both Front-End and Back-End Development skills.

Let us review the skills that are required to become a Web Developer. 

1. Graphics or UI

A knowledge in graphics or User Interface goes a long way in understanding the aesthetic aspect of web design. It enables you to identify and resolve compatibility issues between web browsers while displaying graphics. 

2. HTML, CSS, JavaScript

These are the building blocks of web development. These allow a developer to create the structure, style, and content of the website. Additional knowledge of third-party libraries like jQuery, LESS, Angular, and React JS is highly desirable. HTML defines the presentation structure. The programming language embedded into HTML code. CSS or Cascading Style Sheet provides control over the layout by allowing precise section-wise modules. It further enables developers to adjust page layout, colors, fonts, and add animation effects. JavaScript is advance in nature, which helps to make a web page more interactive. It offers exquisite features that help to make web pages more responsive. Knowing DOM, JSON enables you to manipulate and modularize the Javascript code. 

3. CMS

Content Management Systems is an application that enables users to publish and manage the content of a website effectively. It is an intuitive user interface that helps in creating and modifying webpage content. While expertise in backend programming is not required here, knowledge in HTML and CSS is essential. Depending on the CMS that you are using, you can implement the advanced features by installing plugins and extensions. Wordpress, Joomla, Drupal, Magento, Laravel, Typo3, Serendipity, Chamilo, are a few that are worth adding to your knowledge base.

4. UX

User Experience does not directly refer to design knowledge; instead, it refers to the analytical and technical understanding of how a Web Application should work. It is the understanding of the factors which keep users on the site, help them find what they are looking for, and optimize the supported functions.  

5. Programming Languages

Programming languages help to implement interactive features into the website. They are responsible for being able to store, update, manipulate, and access data from the database onto the user interface. There are many different programming languages available in the market. For web development, the main programming languages to be acquainted with are Java, Javascript, .NET, PHP, Perl, Python, C, C++, and Ruby. Choosing a programming language mainly depends on the Software stack and the type of project under development.


Web Applications need to store data that is available to be accessed as and when required which, calls for a good knowledge of the Relational Database Management System. A web developer needs to have a good understanding of its syntax to create, update, manipulate, and access the database to its optimal level. He should understand the difference between a relational and a non-relational database along with the knowledge of XML/JSON. Understanding the features of a relational database, web storage, knowledge of NoSQL, and database connections strengthen a career as a web developer.

7. Software Stack

It is the collection of software subsystems that work together in cohesion to create a platform to support an application without the need for any additional software. The application is said to be ‘running on top of’ the particular software stack. Irrespective of the software stack, there is always a similarity in the software stack architecture. The different kinds of software stacks for web development are:

    • LAMP [Linux | Apache | MySQL | PHP]
    • MERN [MongoDB | Express | React | Node.js]
    • MEAN [MongoDB | Express | Angular | Node.js]

An understanding of the software stack is required when you work on a project as it gives a better technical insight into the software under development. You can optimize performance, suggest changes, and troubleshoot technical problems.

8. SEO

Search Engine Optimization may not be counted as a mandatory requirement for a web developer. But knowledge in this field helps you structure the website as SEO friendly from the very beginning. This will, in the long run, ease the efforts for SEO professionals, but more than that, the web application stands a better chance of success.


Having all the above skillsets gives you the option of choosing from several career opportunities. It qualifies you for being considered for a wide array of job roles. In today’s market, web developers are required to have more than one specific skill set. Although no specific degree or career path exists for being a web developer, you may go for foundational courses and intensive training options to establish yourself as a web developer.

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Barnali Chanda

Barnali Chanda

Barnali is a software developer, who eventually transformed into a technical documentation writer with her continuous research and development skills. She is an expert in C, C++, PHP, Python and RDBMS. She makes sure to evolve with technology. Thus, trained in BI, she is a Data Science enthusiast and is on the verge to pursue a career in Data Science. View all posts by the Author

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