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Top 35 Java 8 Interview Questions and Answers in 2022

Posted in Java
JAVA 8 Interview Questions

Table of Contents

Java has been well known for adding various new features from time to time, and Java 8 SE is one of the more recent releases of the programming language. Released in March 2014, it focuses on overcoming the loopholes and drawbacks of earlier versions, along with adding new features and characteristics. Java 8 SE was developed with the purpose of implementing functional programming, creating a new JavaScript search engine, manipulating the date-time with new APIs, and deploying a new streaming API.

We list several of the most common Java 8 interview questions and answers here, updated for 2022. We’ve split the questions into beginner and advanced questions.

 

Top Java 8 Interview Questions and Answers

Beginner Java 8 Interview Questions

1. Who developed Java?

Oracle Corporation built Java. It continues to update the language, adding features and conveniences. The Java 8 SE version adds such features as functional programming and a new JavaScript search engine, among other things.

 

2. What is the latest version of Java?

Java SE 8 is the latest version, introducing such features as functional interfaces and lambda expressions, Java Stream API for bulk data operations on collections, Java Time API, and more.

 

3. Which are the most distinct features of Java 8?

The most distinct features of Java 8 include:

  1. Functional Interfaces
  2. Lambda Expressions
  3. Spliterator
  4. New Stream API 
  5. New Data/Time API
  6. Method References

 

4. What is a Lambda Expression?

A Lambda Expression is an anonymous function that accepts different sets of input parameters and offers a variety of outputs. In essence, it is an anonymous method. It is useful because it offers a functional interface.

 

5. Why is Lambda Expression considered a block of code?

Lambda Expression is considered a block of code because it has no name and can exist with or without parameters and results.

 

6. What are the different parts of Lambda Expression?

There are three different parts of Lambda Expression:

  1. Parameter List
  2. Lambda Body Expression
  3. Lambda Arrow Operator

 

7. How is the parameter list of Lambda Expression different from the lambda arrow operator?

A lambda expression can carry zero or any number of parameters at one time. The lambda arrow operator separates these parameters from the list and body using the icon "->".

 

 

8. What are the features of a lambda expression?

The features of lambda expressions are:

  1. It has no specific parameters.
  2. It returns any kind of result.
  3. It has the type “Java.lang.Runnable”

 

9. Define Optional in Java SE 8?

Optional is a final class that is introduced as an integral part of Java SE8. It is a java.util package that can have either one value or zero value.

 

10. What is the use of Optional in Java SE 8?

Optional in Java SE 8 is used for representing optional values that exist or does not exist. It does not support too many null checks and NullPointerException. In addition to that, it avoids the runtime NullPointerExceptions and helps in developing cleaner Java APIs.

 

11. What are the advantages of Optional?

Optional has the following advantages.

  1. It helps in avoiding the null checks.
  2. It is used for avoiding “NullPointerException”.

 

12. What is Type Inference in Java 8?

Type Interface refers to the compiler’s ability to determine the type of parameters when the method is called, i.e., at compile time.

 

13. What is the Default Method?

A default method adds functionality to an interface without breaking down the implementing class, and offers backwards compatibility.

 

14. Define Stream Pipelining.

Stream Pipelining in Java SE 8 is used for chaining operations together by splitting the operations that can happen on one stream. The two categories of Stream Pipelining are intermediate operations and terminal operations.

 

15. What is the compulsion in using Stream Pipeline?

The compulsion in using Stream Pipeline is the presence of a terminal operation which helps in returning the final value and supports termination of the pipeline.

 

16. Explain Predicate and Functions along with the code. What are the similarities?

Predicates and functions are both functional interfaces.

Predicate is a single argument function that gives the outcome as true or false. Its code is <T>.Function is a single argument function that gives outcomes in the form of an object. Its code is <T, R>.

 

17. What are the Core API classes for Java SE 8?

The Core API classes for Java SE 8 include LocalDate, LocalTime, and LocalDateTime.

 

18. What has replaced PermGen? 

PermGen is used to store classes and has been replaced by MetaSpace in Java SE 8.

 

Advanced Java 8 Interview Questions

19. What is the functional interface?

The functional interface is the interface which carries only one abstract method. The code example below explains this further.

// Java program to demonstrate Implementation of

// functional interface using lambda expressions

class Test

{

 public static void main(String args[])

 {

// lambda expression to create the object

new Thread(()->

).start();

 }

}

 

20. Is there any difference between the Functional interface and SAM interface?

No, there is no difference between the functional interface and SAM interface. The SAM interface or Single Abstract Method interface is a kind of functional interface defined in the Java SE 8 API.

 

21. Can we define a functional interface? If yes, how?

Yes, we can define a functional interface. They can be defined using Java SE 8’s @Functionalinterface annotation to mark an interface as a functional interface.

 

22. What are the guidelines that are needed to be followed for Functional Interface?

There are several guidelines stated below which are needed to be followed for a functional interface. These are:

  1. The interface should be defined with only one abstract method.
  2. Not more than one abstract can be defined.
  3. Making use of @Functionalinterface annotation in the interface definition.
  4. The override of the Java.lang.object class’s method will not be considered as an abstract method.
  5. Any method can be used for defining a number.

 

The two most popular methods used for defining any number in a functional interface include static methods and default methods.

 

24. Is it mandatory to define a Functional Interface with @Functionalinterface annotation?

No. it is not mandatory to define a functional interface with @Functionalinterface annotation.

 

25. What is the compulsion in the Functional Interface definition?

The compulsion in the functional interface definition is when the Java Compiler forces us to use one abstract inside the interface.

 

Using Lambda Expressions means that we are using a functional interface - they are interrelated. The lambda expressions are a part of the functional interface, which is a bigger platform carrying various other features and expressions.

 

27. How is Collection API different from Stream API?

The difference between Collection API and Stream API are:

Collection API

Stream API

It is available since the introduction of Java 1.2

It is made available after the introduction of Java SE 8

It helps in storing Data which are set of objects.

It helps in computing data wherein computations of a set of data objects are made.

It can be used for storing a limited number of elements.

It can be used for storing an unlimited number of elements.

The construction of the Collection object is done Eagerly.

The construction of the Stream object is done Lazily.

 

28. How is Spliterator a different Iterator?

A Spliterator in Java SE 8 is an iterator interface. The following are the differences between the spliterator and iterator:

Spliterator

Iterator

It is introduced along with Java SE 8

It was introduced long ago with Java 1.2

It is defined as a Spliterator iterator.

It is defined as a non-spilterator Iterator.

It can be used in Stream API.

It can be used in Collection API.

It helps to iterate streams in parallel and sequential order.

It helps in iterate collections only in sequential order.

The examples include tryAdvance()

The examples include, next(), hasNext().

 

29. What are the common types of functional Interfaces in the standard library?

The common types of functional interfaces in the standard library include the following:

  1. Predicate
  2. Function
  3. Consumer
  4. Supplier
  5. BiFunction
  6. BinaryOperator
  7. UnaryOperator

 

30. What is the major difference between Map and FlatMap stream operation?

The major difference between Map and FlatMap stream operation is that the former wraps its return value inside its ordinal type while the latter does not.

 

31. What is the similarity between Map and Flat map stream operation?

Both the Map and FlatMap stream operations are intermediate stream operations that receive a function and also apply these functions to different elements of the stream.

 

32. What is the advantage of Metaspace over PermGen?

PerGen was fixed in size and could not grow dynamically, while Metaspace can grow dynamically and does have any type of size constraint.

 

33. What are some examples of Intermediate Operations?

Examples of Intermediate Operations include the following.

  1. Limit(long n)
  2. skip (long n)
  3. Distinct ()
  4. Filter (Predicate)
  5. Map (Function)

 

34. What are some examples of Terminal Operations?

Examples of terminal operations are:

  1. Max
  2. Min
  3. AnyMatch
  4. AllMatch
  5. Reduce
  6. ToArray
  7. Count

 

35. Can we list the numbers and remove the duplicate elements in the list using Java SE 8 features?

Yes, we can list the numbers and remove the duplicate elements in the list by applying stream and then collecting it to set using Collections.toSet() method.

 

Conclusion

You just read some of the most popular Java 8 interview questions and answers. There’s a lot more to learn, but this is a good starting point. We hope these Java 8 interview questions help you get through that interview. 

You can test your Java 8 skills further with this Udemy course focusing on Java 8 interview preparation. These will also help with Java 8 coding interview questions and core Java 8 interview questions.

You should also consider reading Coding Interview Questions to prepare common questions pertaining to a coding background. 

If you have any questions or suggestions, feel free to drop a comment below.

 

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Abhimanyu  Krishnan

Abhimanyu Krishnan

With a bachelor's degree in Information Technology, Abhi has experience with several programming languages, including Python, JavaScript and C++. He is also an expert on blockchain technology and its development, having worked in the industry for several years. View all posts by the Author

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Tushar Desarda
Tushar Desarda 10 Points

Java SE 8 is the latest Java language ......still in 2020

sdfasd
sdfasd

Question: Which company has developed Java?
Answer: Oracle Corporation had introduced Java

this is wrong.

Norma Stewart
Norma Stewart

What Is Nashorn in Java8?

Teresa Gill
Teresa Gill

Nashorn is a much-improved JavaScript engine that replaces the existing Rhino. Nashorn provides better performance and directly compiles the code in memory that passes the bytecode to the JVM. Nashorn uses the invoke dynamics feature that was introduced in Java 7 to improve performance.

Brent Lyons
Brent Lyons

Explain the Syntax and Characteristics of a Lambda Expression What Is Nashorn in Java8?

Elaine Palmer
Elaine Palmer

Lambda syntax-
(Object arg1, int arg2) -> arg1.equals(arg2);
Lambda syntax consists of three parts- a list of parameters, an arrow and a body. Following are the characteristics of the lambda expression.
No need to declare the type of parameter explicitly as the compiler can inference the same from the value of the parameter.
You can avoid parenthesis for single parameter and can use for multiple parameters.
Can avoid braces in expression body if there is a single statement.
Curly braces are used to indicate that expression will return a value which can be avoided for a single statement.

Billie Ballard
Billie Ballard

What Is the Meaning of String::Valueof Expression?

Katherine Gibbs
Katherine Gibbs

Java string valueof() method is used to create a string representation from a different type of inputs and accept the following type of arguments-
int
long
float
double
char
char array
boolean
Object

Clay Butler
Clay Butler

What Is a Method Reference?

Gertrude Ramsey
Gertrude Ramsey

Method reference is introduced with Java 8. It is a shorthand notation of lambda expression to call a method. For example
Lambda expression-
Str -> system.out.println(str)
Method reference-
System.out::println

Alejandro Robertson
Alejandro Robertson

Difference between Stream’s findFirst() and findAny()?

Gerald Thompson
Gerald Thompson

There are two methods that are introduced with Java 8- findFirst() and findAny().
findFirst() method is used to find any element from the stream. You can use it whenever you are searching for an element without paying attention to the encounter order.
findAny() method finds the first element in the stream. You can use it whenever you want to search the first element from any sequence.

Jill Mccormick
Jill Mccormick

Given the list of numbers, remove the duplicate elements from the list.

Lisa Lee
Lisa Lee

Can you provide some APIs of Java 8 Date and Time?

Warren Gibbs
Warren Gibbs

Java 8 introduced new date and time API’s to overcome the shortcomings of the older java.util.date and java.util.calender. There are two date-time APIs that fall under package java.time that are Local and Zoned.

Jerald Dixon
Jerald Dixon

What are the defaults methods?

Madeline Parker
Madeline Parker

Earlier interfaces have abstract methods only and the implementation is given in separate class. If we want to add a new method in an interface then the code has to be provided in the class that implements the same interface. To overcome this issue the concept of default methods come to light. It allows the interface to have new methods without impacting the classes that implement the interface.

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