10 Programming Languages to Learn Right Now

10 programming languages to learn right now and why

A famous person once said: The most important skill to learn in today’s world is to know how to write a computer program. Today, computers have entered in almost all industries. Be it the autopilot in an aircraft or digital speedometer in your bike, computers in various forms surround us. Computers are extremely useful for an organization to scale up well. Gone are the days of pen and paper. Today, in order to store and access your information, you absolutely need computers.

The programming and developer community is emerging at a rate faster than ever before. Various new programming languages are coming up that are suited for different categories of developers (beginners, intermediate, and experts) as well as for different use cases (web application, distributed system, etc). Let us take a look at 10 Programming Language that you should learn right now.

Python

Python undoubtedly tops the list. Python is fast, easy-to-use, and easy-to-deploy programming language that is being widely used to develop scalable web applications. YouTube, Instagram, Pinterest, SurveyMonkey are all built in Python. Python provides an excellent library support and has a large developer community. The programming language provides a great starting point for beginners. Talking about those who are looking for a better job, you should definitely learn Python ASAP! A lot of startups are using Python as their primary backend stack and so, this opens up a huge opportunity for full-stack Python developers. Here is a sample Python “Hello World!” program:

  print “Hello World!"

Yes, Python is that simple! Anyone who wishes to join a startup should master Python programming.

Difficulty level: Easy to learn. Best language for beginners. 5 out of 5.

Market opportunity: Huge! 5 out of 5.

Java

Java is another popular choice in large organizations and it has remained so for decades. Java is widely used for building enterprise-scale web applications. Java is known to be extremely stable and so, many large enterprises have adopted it. If you are looking for a development based job at a large organization, Java is the language that you should learn.

Java is also widely used in Android App Development. Almost any business today needs an Android Application owing to the fact that there are billions of Android users today. This opens up a huge opportunity for Java developers given the fact that Google has created an excellent Java-based Android development framework – Android Studio.

Difficulty level: Easy to moderate to learn. 4 out of 5.

Market opportunity: Huge! 4.5 out of 5.

C/C++

C/C++ is like the bread and butter of programming. Almost all low-level systems such as operating systems, file systems, etc are written in C/C++. If you wish to be a system-level programmer, C/C++ is the language you should learn.

C++ is also widely used by competitive programmers owing to the fact that it is extremely fast and stable. C++ also provides something called as STL – Standard Template Library. STL is a pool of ready-to-use libraries for various data structures, arithmetic operations, and algorithms. The library support and speed of the language make it a popular choice in the High-frequency trading community as well.

Difficulty level: Easy to moderate to learn. 3 out of 5.

Market opportunity: Moderate! 3.5 out of 5.

JavaScript

JavaScript is the “frontend” programming language. JavaScript is widely used to design interactive frontend applications. For instance, when you click on a button which opens up a popup, the logic is implemented via JavaScript.

These days, many organizations, particularly startups, are using NodeJS which is a JavaScript-based web development framework. NodeJS is an end-to-end JavaScript-based web framework. If you are looking for that cool tech job at your favorite startup, you should seriously consider learning JavaScript.

Difficulty level: Easy to learn. 4.5 out of 5.

Market opportunity: Huge! 5 out of 5.

Golang

Golang, popularly known as Go, is the new programming language built by Google. Go provides an excellent support for multithreading and so, it is being used by a lot of companies that rely heavily on distributed systems. Go is widely used in startups in Silicon Valley. However, it is yet to be adopted by Indian companies/startups. Those who wish to join a Valley-based startup specializing in core systems should master Golang.

Difficulty level: Easy to moderate to learn. 3 out of 5.

Market opportunity: Moderate! 2.5 out of 5.

R

R is one of the most commonly used programming languages for Data Analysis and Machine Learning. R provides an excellent framework and built-in libraries to develop powerful Machine Learning algorithms. R is also used for general statistical computing as well as graphics. R has been well adopted by enterprises. Those who wish to join “Analytics” team of a large organization should definitely learn R.

Difficulty level: Easy to moderate to learn. 3 out of 5.

Market opportunity: Huge! 4 out of 5.

Swift

Swift is the programming language that is used to develop iOS applications. iOS-based devices are becoming increasingly popular. Apple iPhone, for instance, has captured a significant market share and is giving a tough competition to Android. Therefore, those who want to serve this community can learn Swift programming.

Difficulty level: Easy to moderate to learn. 3.5 out of 5.

Market opportunity: Huge! 4 out of 5.

PHP

PHP is among the most popular backend programming language. Though PHP is facing a tough competition from Python and JavaScript, the market still needs a large number of PHP developers. Those who wish to join a reasonably well old organization as a backend developer should aim to learn PHP programming.

Difficulty level: Easy to learn. 4.5 out of 5.

Market opportunity: Huge! 4.5 out of 5.

C#

C# is a general-purpose programming language developed by Microsoft. C# is widely used for building the backend of Windows Phone applications.

Difficulty level: Easy to moderate to learn. 3.5 out of 5.

Market opportunity: 2.5 out of 5.

MATLAB

MATLAB is a statistical analysis tool that is used in various industries for Data Analysis. MATLAB is used widely in the Computer Vision and Image processing industry as well.

Difficulty level: Easy to moderate to learn. 3 out of 5.

Market opportunity: Huge! 4 out of 5.

Summary

  • Python and JavaScript are hot in the startup world. Many startups use Django (Python), Flask (Python), and NodeJS (JavaScript) as their backend framework. Python and JavaScript are easy-to-learn and therefore, can be a good starting point for beginners. Moreover, both of them also provide a huge market opportunity. Therefore, those who are looking for a job change may also consider learning them.
  • Java and PHP are hot in the corporate world. Many organizations use Spring (Java) and Codeigniter (PHP) as their web backend framework.
  • R and MATLAB are hot in the Analytics world. If you wish to develop a career in data analytics, these are the languages to learn.
  • C/C++ and Golang are the top choices in building low-latency and scalable systems.

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